Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Buffalo Oral Biologists Find Link Between Gum Disease And Passive Exposure To Tobacco Smoke

Date:
March 18, 1999
Source:
University At Buffalo
Summary:
Passive smoking, implicated in middle-ear infections and asthma in children, also may be a major cause of periodontal disease in adult non-smokers, the first study to look at this relationship has shown.

VANCOUVER, British Columbia -- Passive smoking, implicated in middle-ear infections and asthma in children, also may be a major cause of periodontal disease in adult non-smokers, the first study to look at this relationship has shown.

Research conducted by oral biologists in the University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine has shown that passive exposure to tobacco smoke may increase the risk of developing gum detachment and bleeding gums in adults by up to 70 percent.

Results of the study will be presented here tomorrow (March 13, 1999) at the combined meeting of the American Association of Dental Research and International Association of Dental Research.

"There is overwhelming evidence linking active smoking to periodontal disease, but our study shows exposure to environmental smoke also is important," said Sara G. Grossi, D.D.S., UB senior research scientist and chief researcher on the study. "It is not just the direct effect of nicotine that is harmful." (See editor's note at end of news release for electronic links to previous UB research reports on smoking and periodontal disease.)

To investigate the relationship between passive smoking and periodontal disease, Grossi and colleagues analyzed data from 13,798 participants in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), a population-based survey conducted in the U.S. from 1988-94. All participants were between the ages of 20 and 90 and had at least six natural teeth.

Passive smoking was based on exposure in the home only. A gum detachment of 1.5 millimeters or more per person and bleeding at 20 percent or more gum sites were used to characterize severe periodontal disease.

Analysis of the data showed that persons exposed to passive smoking were at significantly increased risk of having more severe periodontal disease than those who were not exposed, after adjusting for age, gender, race, education, income and diabetes mellitus, important known risk factors of gum disease.

The risk of severe attachment loss increased 1 1/2-2 fold, while the risk of severe gingival gum bleeding increased 1 1/2-2 1/2 fold in persons exposed to household smoke. Passive smoking also was a risk factor for tooth loss, results showed.

Grossi said longitudinal studies are needed to determine the relationship over time between passive-smoking exposure and periodontal disease.

Other researchers on the study, supported by a grant from the U.S. Public Health Service, were Alex W. Ho, UB research associate/biostatistician, and Robert J. Genco, D.D.S., Ph.D., SUNY Distinguished Professor and chair of the UB Department of Oral Biology.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University At Buffalo. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University At Buffalo. "Buffalo Oral Biologists Find Link Between Gum Disease And Passive Exposure To Tobacco Smoke." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 March 1999. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/03/990318042115.htm>.
University At Buffalo. (1999, March 18). Buffalo Oral Biologists Find Link Between Gum Disease And Passive Exposure To Tobacco Smoke. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/03/990318042115.htm
University At Buffalo. "Buffalo Oral Biologists Find Link Between Gum Disease And Passive Exposure To Tobacco Smoke." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/03/990318042115.htm (accessed September 2, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

AFP (Sep. 1, 2014) Wedged between buses, lorries and cars, cycling in London isn't for the faint hearted. Nevertheless the number of people choosing to bike in the British capital has doubled over the past 15 years. Duration: 02:27 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Newsy (Sep. 1, 2014) New research says if you condition yourself to eat healthy foods, eventually you'll crave them instead of junk food. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
We've Got Mites Living In Our Faces And So Do You

We've Got Mites Living In Our Faces And So Do You

Newsy (Aug. 30, 2014) A new study suggests 100 percent of adult humans (those over 18 years of age) have Demodex mites living in their faces. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Liberia Continues Fight Against Ebola

Liberia Continues Fight Against Ebola

AFP (Aug. 30, 2014) Authorities in Liberia try to stem the spread of the Ebola epidemic by raising awareness and setting up sanitation units for people to wash their hands. Duration: 00:41 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins