Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Risk Factors For Women Remain High One Year After Heart Surgery

Date:
June 16, 1999
Source:
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Summary:
A Johns Hopkins study of women who had coronary bypass surgery found that a year later, a majority of them continued to have the same significant risk factors that brought them to the operating room in the first place.

A Johns Hopkins study of women who had coronary bypass surgery found that a year later, a majority of them continued to have the same significant risk factors that brought them to the operating room in the first place.

Related Articles


Lulled perhaps by a false sense of security or lacking good risk factor information, "women showed substantial risk factors a year after their surgery, making them vulnerable to further heart disease," according to Jerilyn Allen, Sc.D., R.N., a nurse researcher and associate professor at The Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing.

In the study of 130 women between the ages of 55 and 75 with heart disease, published in the June issue of the Journal of Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine, Allen found that a year after bypass, 58 percent were obese, 54 percent had high blood pressure and 92 percent had high cholesterol levels. Before surgery, 17 percent of the women in the study smoked cigarettes; a year later, 10 percent still smoked. And although patients reported consuming less fat, saturated fat and dietary cholesterol, amounts remained above recommended levels.

"The study indicates that heart disease risk factors are not being adequately managed," says Allen. "And because coronary heart disease is by far the leading cause of death among women, it is critical that these factors be reduced. Some cardiac patients may view themselves as fixed' after bypass surgery. Other patients are not being properly informed about the risk factors that lead to secondary episodes of heart disease. Patients do not spontaneously modify their risk factors after bypass surgery, so health care providers at all levels need to inform patients about their risk for subsequent disease."

Allen also is studying the effectiveness of a nurse intervention model as a way to manage risk factors in cardiac patients. "Nurses know how to help patients make difficult lifestyle changes and manage risk factors," she says. "Nurse case managers could be hired as part of group practices to ensure risk factor modification. Cardiologists, primary care physicians and nurse practitioners need to play a key role in preventing future cardiac problems in patients."

Allen says health care providers should encourage patients with coronary disease to stop smoking, modify certain lifestyle behaviors such as weight control, follow a low-fat diet and increase physical activity. Patients also need to be more active in managing their own care.

"In addition to making some basic lifestyle changes, such as initiating a low-fat diet to reduce cholesterol, patients must know their numbers," says Allen. "Know what your cholesterol level is, know your blood pressure. If your providers aren't testing you for these things, ask them."

--JHMI--

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions' news releases are available on an EMBARGOED basis on EurekAlert at http://www.eurekalert.org, Newswise at http://www.newswise.com and from the Office of Communications and Public Affairs' direct e-mail news release service. To enroll, call 410-955-4288 or send e-mail to [email protected]

On a POST-EMBARGOED basis find them at http://hopkins.med.jhu.edu, Quadnet at http://www.quad-net.com and ScienceDaily at http://www.sciencedaily.com.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Risk Factors For Women Remain High One Year After Heart Surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 June 1999. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/06/990615120350.htm>.
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. (1999, June 16). Risk Factors For Women Remain High One Year After Heart Surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/06/990615120350.htm
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Risk Factors For Women Remain High One Year After Heart Surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/06/990615120350.htm (accessed November 29, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, November 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — One man hopes his invention -– a machine that produces cheap sanitary pads –- will help empower Indian women. Duration: 01:51 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — In Africa's only biosafety level 4 laboratory, scientists have been carrying out experiments on bats to understand how virus like Ebola are being transmitted, and how some of them resist to it. Duration: 01:18 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

Newsy (Nov. 28, 2014) — WHO cites four studies that say Ebola can still be detected in semen up to 82 days after the onset of symptoms. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

AFP (Nov. 27, 2014) — The Ebola epidemic sweeping Sierra Leone is having a profound effect on the country's children, many of whom have been left without any family members to support them. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins