Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Pet Trade Dangers: Poaching Major Threat To Parrots

Date:
May 31, 2001
Source:
Society For Conservation Biology
Summary:
While the pet trade and conservation biologists agree that parrots are threatened by habitat loss, they disagree about the effects of poaching. Avicultural interests downplay it but biologists say poaching chicks for the lucrative pet trade is one of the biggest reasons for the parrots' decline.

While the pet trade and conservation biologists agree that parrots are threatened by habitat loss, they disagree about the effects of poaching. Avicultural interests downplay it but biologists say poaching chicks for the lucrative pet trade is one of the biggest reasons for the parrots' decline. New research shows that the biologists are right.

Related Articles


"Our results are the first to demonstrate that poaching of nestling parrots is indeed widespread and in many species is occurring at levels that probably are not sustainable," says Timothy Wright of the University of Maryland in College Park, who reports this work with 24 co-authors in the June issue of Conservation Biology.

Nearly a third of the 145 parrot species in the Neotropics (Mexico, Central and South America) are threatened, making them among the most endangered groups of birds worldwide. Parrots fetch an average of $800 in the U.S. and the number of parrot chicks taken from the wild is estimated at up to 800,000 per year. Parrots are particularly sensitive to poaching because they have low reproductive rates.

Based on existing studies of 21 parrot species in 14 Neotropical countries, Wright and his colleagues determined the birds' death rates due to nest poaching. The overall poaching rate was 30% and for four species it exceeded 70%, which is too high given parrots' low reproductive rates. Without intervention, these four species are likely to decline sharply, say the researchers.

Wright and his colleagues also compared poaching in 10 species before and after the 1992 U.S. Wild Bird Conservation Act, which bans imports of threatened parrots. They found that this legal protection cut poaching rates from nearly 50% to 20%, refuting the pet trade's arguments that limiting legal trade will only intensify illegal trade and thus poaching.

This finding suggests that parrots would benefit from similar legislation in Europe and Japan, which currently provide most of the market for parrot imports. "Import restrictions would be perhaps the single most effective measure for improving the plight of endangered parrots," says Wright.

The researchers also call for improving parrot conservation in the Neotropics, via a combination of protecting nest sites and enforcing existing domestic bans on parrot trade.

Wright's co-authors include: Catherine Toft of the University of California at Davis, James Gilardi of the World Parrot Trust, and Ernesto Enkerlin-Hoeflich of Monterrey Technical University in Mexico.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Society For Conservation Biology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Society For Conservation Biology. "Pet Trade Dangers: Poaching Major Threat To Parrots." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 May 2001. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/05/010529234701.htm>.
Society For Conservation Biology. (2001, May 31). Pet Trade Dangers: Poaching Major Threat To Parrots. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/05/010529234701.htm
Society For Conservation Biology. "Pet Trade Dangers: Poaching Major Threat To Parrots." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/05/010529234701.htm (accessed December 22, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, December 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Earthworms Provide Cancer-Fighting Bacteria

Earthworms Provide Cancer-Fighting Bacteria

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 21, 2014) Polish scientists isolate bacteria from earthworm intestines which they say may be used in antibiotics and cancer treatments. Suzannah Butcher reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Existing Chemical Compounds Could Revive Failing Antibiotics, Says Danish Scientist

Existing Chemical Compounds Could Revive Failing Antibiotics, Says Danish Scientist

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 21, 2014) A team of scientists led by Danish chemist Jorn Christensen says they have isolated two chemical compounds within an existing antipsychotic medication that could be used to help a range of failing antibiotics work against killer bacterial infections, such as Tuberculosis. Jim Drury went to meet him. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) In Yarumal, a village in N. Colombia, Alzheimer's has ravaged a disproportionately large number of families. A genetic "curse" that may pave the way for research on how to treat the disease that claims a new victim every four seconds. Duration: 02:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Monarch Butterflies Descend Upon Mexican Forest During Annual Migration

Monarch Butterflies Descend Upon Mexican Forest During Annual Migration

Reuters - Light News Video Online (Dec. 19, 2014) Millions of monarch butterflies begin to descend onto Mexico as part of their annual migration south. Rough Cut (no reporter narration) Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins