Genetics News
February 5, 2016

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updated 5:24pm EST

More Genetics News
February 5, 2016

Piecing Together the Cells Elevator-Like Mechanism for Sodium

Feb. 1, 2016 — Researchers have pieced together how sodium is transported into and out of our cells. This could be a potential benefit for the development of novel treatments against some forms of cancer and ... read more

The Harbingers of Aging

Jan. 29, 2016 — Researchers have detected age-dependent alterations in metabolism and gene regulation in middle-aged fruitflies, and show that these effects are linked to a reduction in lifespan, suggests a new ... read more

Jan. 28, 2016 — An estimated 15 million Americans suffer from food allergies, many of them children. These are non-trivial concerns, as food allergy or intolerance can cause symptoms ranging from a harmless skin ... read more

Jan. 28, 2016 — Live mouse progeny can be generated with assisted reproduction using germ cells from males without any Y chromosome genes. In these males, the two Y genes previously demonstrated to be essential for ... read more

Insect Growth Regulator Wears a Second Hat: Infection Fighter

Jan. 28, 2016 — During an animal's embryonic development, a chemical chain reaction known as Hippo directs organs to grow to just the right size and no larger. Now researchers working with laboratory flies ... read more

Mysterious 'Relief Valve' That Protects Cells from Swelling Better Understood Thanks to Research

Jan. 28, 2016 — Solving a long-standing mystery in cell biology, a team has shown how a key 'relief-valve' in cells keeps cells from taking in too much water and swelling excessively. The mechanism has ... read more

Epigenetics: The Importance of Mixed Motifs

Jan. 28, 2016 — Local modifications in histone proteins alter DNA packing density in the cell nucleus to regulate gene activity. They also form the basis of a code in which the significance of a given pattern or ... read more

Sensing the Future of Molecule Detection, Bioproduction

Jan. 28, 2016 — A new method has been developed for engineering a broad range of biosensors to detect and signal virtually any desired molecule using living eukaryotic cells. Plant, yeast, even mammalian cells could ... read more

Scientists Make an Important Contribution to Decoding the Language of Cells

Jan. 27, 2016 — There are astonishing similarities between molecular mechanisms in neural stem cells and pancreatic islet cells, new research shows. This may lead to new forms of therapy, particularly for ... read more

Sequence of Rare Hawaiian Crow's Genome Will Assist Conservation Efforts

Jan. 27, 2016 — Scientists have fully sequenced the genome of the Hawaiian crow. This crow was once reduced to a population of about 20 birds, and the sequencing of the species genome will be important to track any ... read more

Jan. 26, 2016 — A central challenge of transgenic plant development has been addressed by a new study: how to reliably evaluate whether genetic material has been successfully introduced. Researchers compared the ... read more

Jan. 26, 2016 — A research team has adapted the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system for use in a yeast strain that can produce useful lipids and polymers. The development will lead to new precursors for biofuels, ... read more

Virologists Investigating Novel Applications for Viruses

Jan. 26, 2016 — Viruses can be classified in a completely new way based on viral structures, new research suggests. A better understanding of how viruses work can help open up new applications for viruses in the ... read more

Don't Blame Grey Squirrels: Their British Invasion Had Much More to Do With Us

Jan. 26, 2016 — DNA profiling reveals grey squirrels are not as good invaders as we think, and that humans played a much larger role in spreading them through the UK. Grey squirrels were imported to the UK from the ... read more

Scientists Demonstrate Key Aspect of Evolutionary Theory

Jan. 26, 2016 — Evolutionary theory predicts that pairs of chromosomes within asexual organisms will evolve independently of each other and become increasingly different over time in a phenomenon called the ... read more

Jan. 25, 2016 — A decades-long mystery of how the cell's powerhouse, and its energy currency of calcium ion flow, is maintained under different physiological conditions has been solved. The team identified a ... read more

Jan. 25, 2016 — A well-known songbird, the great tit, has revealed its genetic code, offering researchers new insight into how species adapt to a changing planet. Their initial findings suggest that epigenetics -- ... read more

The Neurons in Our Gut Help the Immune System Keep Inflammation in Check

Jan. 22, 2016 — The immune system must protect against potential infections, but over-vigilant reactions can cause problems. New research shows that neurons in the intestine send signals to immune cells to curb ... read more

Malaria Parasite Is Dependent on Heavy Metals

Jan. 22, 2016 — The malaria parasite is rendered barren when the transport of heavy metals such as copper and iron is blocked. In addition, researchers identified six proteins that are essential to the life stages ... read more

A Defense Protein That Causes Cancer

Jan. 22, 2016 — Cancer is caused by the growth of an abnormal cell which harbours DNA mutations. A few years ago, scientists have identified an important mutagen which lies in our own cells: APOBEC, a protein that ... read more

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