Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Stressful Feelings May Influence Vaccine Effectiveness

Date:
November 25, 2002
Source:
Center For The Advancement Of Health
Summary:
A person's state of mind may influence the body's response to a vaccine against meningitis C, suggests new research. The findings support previous research showing a link between psychological factors and antibody response to vaccines.

A person's state of mind may influence the body's response to a vaccine against meningitis C, suggests new research. The findings support previous research showing a link between psychological factors and antibody response to vaccines.

Researchers at the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences and the School of Medicine at the University of Birmingham in England asked 60 first-year undergraduate students to answer a battery of questions about their life events, perceived stress, psychological well-being, coping styles, social support and health behaviors.

The researchers also took blood samples to measure the concentration of protective meningitis C antibodies in the students. All of the students had previously received a meningitis C vaccine as part of a recently introduced national health program.

The results revealed that a high level of perceived life stress, but not actual stress, was associated with low antibody levels. A low level of psychological well being -- feeling anxious or under strain, for example -- was also linked to low antibody levels.

The antibody concentrations did not appear to be associated with the amount of time between the meningitis C vaccination and the antibody tests, the students' demographics or the students' health behaviors, however.

"These findings suggest that the feeling that one's life is stressful and the experience of high levels of distress were more detrimental than actual exposure to stressful life events," write Victoria E. Burns, Ph.D., and colleagues in the November/December issue of the journal Psychosomatic Medicine.

"The association between stress and vaccination response has potentially important clinical implications," the authors conclude. "In light of our findings, it may be important to monitor subsequent antibody status, particularly in those reporting high perceived stress and low levels of psychological well being."

The authors note that their research supports other studies that have found associations between psychological influences and antibody response to hepatitis B, influenza, and rubella vaccines. However, theirs is the first study to show that psychological factors are associated with antibody response to a conjugate vaccine, a vaccine type used to protect against meningitis C.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Bacterial meningitis, including meningitis C, is less common than viral meningitis, but can be life-threatening.

Bacterial meningitis often appears as single cases, but small outbreaks at institutions such as colleges or schools sometimes arise. In the United Kingdom, the meningitis C vaccine is routinely given to students before they enter a university, the study authors write.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Center For The Advancement Of Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Center For The Advancement Of Health. "Stressful Feelings May Influence Vaccine Effectiveness." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 November 2002. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/11/021125071403.htm>.
Center For The Advancement Of Health. (2002, November 25). Stressful Feelings May Influence Vaccine Effectiveness. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/11/021125071403.htm
Center For The Advancement Of Health. "Stressful Feelings May Influence Vaccine Effectiveness." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/11/021125071403.htm (accessed April 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Newsy (Apr. 19, 2014) Nine-month-old Wyatt Scott was born with a rare disorder called congenital trismus, which prevents him from opening his mouth. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins