Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Microbes Related To Infant Lung Infections Reduced Using Specialized Ventilation System Device

Date:
May 6, 2003
Source:
University At Buffalo
Summary:
Pediatric researchers at Women and Children's Hospital here have shown that the incidence of disease-producing microorganisms in the lungs of its infants on life support can be reduced markedly by installing an ultraviolet germicidal irradiation device in the ventilation system of its neonatal intensive care unit.

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Pediatric researchers at Women and Children's Hospital here have shown that the incidence of disease-producing microorganisms in the lungs of its infants on life support can be reduced markedly by installing an ultraviolet germicidal irradiation device in the ventilation system of its neonatal intensive care unit.

The device, called Vigilance', a computer-driven assembly of ultraviolet lights combined with other technologies, was developed by FP Technologies, Inc., in Buffalo.

Results of the study, conducted by University at Buffalo neonatologists in collaboration with company scientists, were presented today (May 3) at the Pediatric Academic Societies meeting being held May 3-5 in Seattle.

"This device significantly reduced microbial contamination in our neonatal intensive care unit, and spared our tiny patients from exposure to many infection-causing organisms," said Rita Ryan, M.D., UB associate professor of pediatrics and lead author on the study.

"It appears than ultraviolet germicidal irradiation may decrease the mortality and morbidity associated with hospital-acquired infections. This device should greatly improve the outcome of our premature infants by decreasing their risk of acquiring chronic lung disease and shortening their hospital stay."

Infections that patients contract while they are in the hospital are a major public-health concern. They cause unnecessary patient suffering and keep patients in the hospital longer, increasing health-care costs by an estimated $4.5 billion. To decrease the presence of microbes responsible for these infections, the Centers for Disease Control has recommended that hospitals install ultraviolet germicidal irradiation devices, such as the one used in this study, in their heating, ventilation and cooling systems. The UB pediatricians undertook a study to determine if installing the device in the area's major neonatal intensive care unit would results in fewer infections in their tiny patients. To arrive at their answer, the physicians cultured the residue from tubes installed in the tracheas of infants to help them breathe, before and after installation of the device.

Cultures also were taken from the heating, ventilation and cooling system and the neonatal intensive-care environment. Results showed that, before the installation, the same microbes found in the ventilation system were present in cultures from the intubated infants.

After installation, these tracheal microbes in the babies' systems fell from an average concentration of 600 bacterial-colony-forming units to less than 200 units by two months, Ryan said. "This is a real boon for our patients," she said.

Additional authors on the study were Corrinne L. Leach, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of pediatrics; Bruce A. Holm, Ph.D., senior vice provost and professor of pediatrics and gynecology and obstetrics, and Gregory E. Wilding, Ph.D., assistant professor of biostatistics, all from the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

Contributors from FP Technologies, Inc., were Timothy J. Leach, Fred Elder, Ph.D., Patrick M. Leach and Thomas K. Leach. The study was funded in part by an award from the New York State Office of Science, Technology and Academic Research (NYSTAR) and by FP Technologies, Inc.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University At Buffalo. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University At Buffalo. "Microbes Related To Infant Lung Infections Reduced Using Specialized Ventilation System Device." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 May 2003. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/05/030506073600.htm>.
University At Buffalo. (2003, May 6). Microbes Related To Infant Lung Infections Reduced Using Specialized Ventilation System Device. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/05/030506073600.htm
University At Buffalo. "Microbes Related To Infant Lung Infections Reduced Using Specialized Ventilation System Device." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/05/030506073600.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

AFP (July 24, 2014) America's death penalty debate raged Thursday after it took nearly two hours for Arizona to execute a prisoner who lost a Supreme Court battle challenging the experimental lethal drug cocktail. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

AFP (July 24, 2014) China's elderly population is expanding so quickly that children struggle to look after them, pushing them to do something unexpected in Chinese society- move their parents into a nursing home. Duration: 02:07 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Hundreds in Virginia Turn out for a Free Clinic to Manage Health

Hundreds in Virginia Turn out for a Free Clinic to Manage Health

AFP (July 24, 2014) America may be the world’s richest country, but in terms of healthcare, the World Health Organisation ranks it 37th - prompting hundreds in Virginia to turn out for a free clinic run by “Remote Area Medical”. Duration 02:40 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Newsy (July 23, 2014) An 8-year-old boy helped his younger brother, who has a rare genetic condition that's confined him to a wheelchair, finish a triathlon. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins