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Steroids Reduce Heart Damage Risk In Children With Kawasaki's Disease

Date:
October 3, 2005
Source:
Temple University
Summary:
When added to standard treatment, steroids significantly reduce the odds of developing heart damage in children with Kawasaki's disease, according to a study in the October issue of Pediatrics.

When added to standard treatment, steroids significantly reduce theodds of developing heart damage in children with Kawasaki's disease,according to a study in the October issue of Pediatrics. These findingsaddress a gap in knowledge. Current guidelines from the AmericanAcademy of Pediatrics state that the evidence for steroid treatment islacking and recommend the standard treatment for Kawasaki's, which isaspirin and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).

"This gap in knowledge led us to examine the benefits of steroidsmore closely. We looked at research worldwide and were surprised tofind eight solid clinical trials showing the value of steroids insignificantly reducing heart damage in children with Kawasaki'sdisease. Steroids, when combined with aspirin and IVGB, reduced theodds of developing inflammation of the heart blood vessels by half,"said Stephen Aronoff, MD, lead author of the meta-analysis and TempleUniversity School of Medicine professor and chair of pediatrics.

Aronoff hopes that a multi-center study, currently underway,will provide further evidence of the benefits of steroid treatment forKawasaki's disease. Also needed is more evidence about the mosteffective types and doses of steroids.

Kawasaki's disease, one of the leading causes of acquiredheart disease in children, inflames the blood vessels leading to theheart. The cause of Kawasaki's is unknown. Signs of the disease includefever lasting longer than 5 days, skin rash, red eyes, palms and footsoles and swollen lymph nodes. If not treated within five to ten days,it can lead to serious, sometimes life-threatening, complications.Fortunately, Kawasaki's is treatable and most children recover fully.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Temple University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Temple University. "Steroids Reduce Heart Damage Risk In Children With Kawasaki's Disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 October 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051003080822.htm>.
Temple University. (2005, October 3). Steroids Reduce Heart Damage Risk In Children With Kawasaki's Disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051003080822.htm
Temple University. "Steroids Reduce Heart Damage Risk In Children With Kawasaki's Disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051003080822.htm (accessed September 30, 2014).

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