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New Technique For Detecting Ability Of Flu Viruses To Infect Humans

Date:
January 11, 2006
Source:
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Summary:
Scientists may now have an early warning system for detecting deadly flu strains. Scripps researchers James Paulson and Ian Wilson, both members of the Consortium for Functional Glycomics (CFG), used a glycan array to identify genetic signatures that enable flu viruses (including bird viruses) to attack human cells. The glycan array, which was developed by the CFG, may also help detect flu strains capable of causing pandemics.

Scientists may now have an early warning system for detecting deadly flu strains. Scripps researchers James Paulson and Ian Wilson, both members of the Consortium for Functional Glycomics (CFG), used a glycan array to identify genetic signatures that enable flu viruses (including bird viruses) to attack human cells. The glycan array, which was developed by the CFG, may also help detect flu strains capable of causing pandemics.
Credit: Image courtesy of NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

NIH-funded scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have developed a technique for detecting changes in flu viruses that would precede a virus's ability to infect humans and cause epidemics. The new, publicly available tool, called a glycan array, could be used to monitor the emergence of flu strains that efficiently infect humans, including those of avian origin.

The technology was developed by the Consortium for Functional Glycomics, a "glue grant" project sponsored by NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases also funded the research.

"Glycoarray Analysis of the Hemagglutinins from Modern and Pandemic Influenza Viruses Reveals Different Receptor Specificities" by Ian Wilson, D.Phil., James Paulson, Ph.D., and their coworkers is scheduled to be published in the February 3, 2006 issue of the Journal of Molecular Biology. The article appeared online on November 18, 2005.

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MORE INFORMATION:
For more information about the Consortium for Functional Glycomics glue grant, see http://www.functionalglycomics.org/static/consortium/. For general information on glue grants, go to http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Initiatives/Collaborative/GlueGrants/. NIGMS (http://www.nigms.nih.gov), a component of the National Institutes of Health, supports basic biomedical research that is the foundation for advances in disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH)--The Nation's Medical Research Agency--includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is the primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and it investigates the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. "New Technique For Detecting Ability Of Flu Viruses To Infect Humans." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 January 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060110232010.htm>.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. (2006, January 11). New Technique For Detecting Ability Of Flu Viruses To Infect Humans. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060110232010.htm
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. "New Technique For Detecting Ability Of Flu Viruses To Infect Humans." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060110232010.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

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