Virology News
July 7, 2015

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updated 9:51pm EDT

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July 7, 2015

July 2, 2015 — Mosquitoes transmit malaria, West Nile virus and chikungunya virus. Monitoring these insects is critical to understanding when and where to control them and lessen the risk of human disease. Insect ... read more

Latent Virus and Life Expectancy

July 2, 2015 — Molecular, cellular and clinical changes that arise from an infection with a latent virus can result in a decrease in ... read more

European Rule Changes on Cross Border Pet Transport May Heighten Rabies Risk

June 26, 2015 — Recent changes to regulations on the transport of pets across Europe may have increased the threat of introducing rabies from rescue dogs into countries considered free of the disease, suggests ... read more

June 16, 2015 — Carp edema virus, also known as koi sleepy disease (CEV/KSD), affects koi and common carp. Long known only in Japan, the disease was recently detected in Europe. An infection with the virus causes ... read more

June 11, 2015 — About 90 percent of adults worldwide are infected with Epstein-Barr virus, or EBV. The virus infects B cells (the white blood cells that make antibodies) and can contribute to B-cell-derived cancers, ... read more

Scientists Identify Two Mutations Critical for MERS Transmission from Bats to Humans

June 11, 2015 — Two critical mutations have been identified that allow the deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus to transmit from bats to humans. MERS is in the same virus family as Severe Acute ... read more

First-Ever Observation of the Native Capside of a Retrovirus

June 10, 2015 — For the first time ever, researchers have captured high-resolution images of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) capsid protein. Their images reveal unprecedented elements of flexibility in this protein, ... read more

Rabbit Virus Improves Bone Marrow Transplants, Kills Some Cancer Cells

June 5, 2015 — For patients with blood cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma, a bone marrow transplant can be both curative and perilous. It replenishes marrow lost to disease or chemotherapy but raises the ... read more

June 5, 2015 — Scientists are using a fairly new gene-editing technology known as CRISPR/Cas9 to target specific DNA sequences in zebrafish. This technique could dramatically accelerate the discovery of gene ... read more

June 4, 2015 — Researchers have used a gene editing tool known as CRISPR/Cas to modify the genome of a tree species for the first time. Their research opens the door to more rapid and reliable gene editing of ... read more

How Dormant Infections Caused by Childhood Chicken Pox Can -- Decades Later -- Trigger Shingles

June 4, 2015 — Scientists report on a novel experimental model that, for the first time, successfully mimics the 'sleeping' and 'waking' of the varicella-zoster virus. Based on neurons generated ... read more

Chemists Weigh Intact Virus Mixture With Mass Spectrometer

June 2, 2015 — Chemists have separated and weighed virus particles using mass spectrometry. This is the first time that researchers successfully used matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization MS to analyze a ... read more

June 2, 2015 — A small section of the envelope protein, located on the 'tail' of the HIV virus is necessary for the protein to be sorted into viral particles. Figuring out how to manipulate the envelope ... read more

June 2, 2015 — Two new groups of viruses have been discovered within the Bunyavirus family in the tropical forest of Ivory Coast. Previously only five groups responsible for serious illnesses in humans and animals ... read more

Bacteria May Cause Type 2 Diabetes

June 1, 2015 — Chronic exposure to a toxin made by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria produces the hallmark symptoms of Type 2 diabetes (T2D), including insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, in rabbits, ... read more

Wild Chimps Teach Scientists About Gene That Encodes HIV-Fighting Protein

May 28, 2015 — Different people can vary substantially in their genetic susceptibility to viruses, including HIV. Although the biology that underlies this variation in humans is still being uncovered, it seems that ... read more

May 21, 2015 — A gene responsible for sex determination in mosquitoes that can transmit yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya viruses has been identified by researchers. Only female mosquitoes bite because they ... read more

May 20, 2015 — Researchers have developed a way to predict which species of rodents are likeliest to be sources of new disease outbreaks in humans. The findings could help public health officials take a more ... read more

May 18, 2015 — Researchers are exploring the link between antioxidant production in the herb purslane and the salinity of the soil where it grows. Their results suggest that salt-stressed purslane may be a ... read more

Phage Spread Antibiotic Resistance

May 15, 2015 — Nearly half of the 50 chicken meat samples purchased from supermarkets, street markets, and butchers in Austria contained viruses that are capable of transferring antibiotic resistance genes from one ... read more

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