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Evolutionary Tug-of-war Decides Which Sex Provides Care

Date:
October 3, 2006
Source:
American Institute of Biological Sciences
Summary:
An article in the October 2006 issue of BioScience describes a range of evidence suggesting that conflict between males and females over which sex will raise the young has shaped the evolution of breeding systems in shorebirds.

An article in the October 2006 issue of BioScience, the monthly journal of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS), describes evidence that conflict between male and female shorebirds over which member of a breeding pair will raise their young has had a profound influence on the evolution of breeding systems in these birds. The article, by Tamαs Szιlely, Gavin H. Thomas, and Innes C. Cuthill, likens the conflict to a tug-of-war played out over evolutionary time.

Shorebirds have varied breeding systems. Females care for the young in some species, males do in others, and in many, the chore is shared. In the Kentish plover, which the authors studied in detail, either the male or the female in a pair may desert, leaving the other partner with the task of raising the young alone.

The authors, at the University of Bath, Imperial College, London, and the University of Bristol, all in the United Kingdom, used a combination of experiments and mathematical modeling to analyze the decisions that Kentish plovers make while raising their chicks.

Modeling suggested a rationale for the finding that females are more likely to desert if there are local unpaired males: that tendency emerged as a strategy likely to persist in evolution. Further analyses used molecular and other data to examine the evolution of breeding systems in a variety of shorebirds.

These studies suggested that in species with chicks that need a lot of parental care, cooperative rearing is more likely to persist. In species with young that become independent early, either males or females are likely to desert their partners.

BioScience publishes commentary and peer-reviewed articles covering a wide range of biological fields, with a focus on "Organisms from Molecules to the Environment." The journal has been published since 1964. AIBS is an umbrella organization for professional scientific societies and organizations that are involved with biology. It represents some 200 member societies and organizations with a combined membership of about 250,000.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Institute of Biological Sciences. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Institute of Biological Sciences. "Evolutionary Tug-of-war Decides Which Sex Provides Care." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 October 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061002063811.htm>.
American Institute of Biological Sciences. (2006, October 3). Evolutionary Tug-of-war Decides Which Sex Provides Care. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061002063811.htm
American Institute of Biological Sciences. "Evolutionary Tug-of-war Decides Which Sex Provides Care." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061002063811.htm (accessed April 21, 2014).

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