Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Pediatric HIV: Oral Lesions Are Commonly Associated With The Disease

Date:
October 8, 2006
Source:
Academy of General Dentistry
Summary:
Across the globe, the presence of HIV is widespread. At the end of 2004, the United Nations HIV/AIDS program estimated that 2.5 million children under the age of 15 were affected worldwide. Additionally, approximately 500,000 children in that same age group died from disease-related cases in that year alone. In the United States, 90 percent of infected children are infected by the disease through birth.

Across the globe, the presence of HIV is wide-spread. At the end of 2004, the United Nations HIV/AIDS program estimated that 2.5 million children under the age of 15 were affected worldwide. Additionally, approximately 500,000 children in that same age group died from disease-related cases in that year alone. In the United States, 90 percent of infected children are infected by the disease through birth.

Related Articles


The effects of the disease on children differ greatly from those in adults, according to a report that appears in the July/August 2006 issue of General Dentistry, the AGD’s clinical, peer-reviewed journal. Type, severity and progression are all factors that differ, depending on the age at which one contracts the disease.

“Children do not demonstrate HIV-specific symptoms as adults do,” says Kishore Shetty, DDS, lead author of the study. “Their bodies will most likely display an infection or weakness instead of common HIV signs.”

The place where this most commonly occurs is in the mouth. There are many variations of the way lesions appear, but a few common types are: candidiasis, or “thrush,” a fungal yeast infection; salivary gland enlargement; herpes simplex virus; inflammation of the gingiva; and canker sores.

“Orofacial manifestations of HIV are common in pediatric HIV infection,” Shetty adds. “It is important to be aware of these signs, as they may serve as both a marker of infection and predictor of HIV progressing to AIDS.”

What to do:

• Visit your general dentist. They handle the majority of dental emergencies.

• If you fear that your child or teen might be at risk, have them tested as soon as possible. The sooner a child is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.

• Communicate with your dentist if the child has HIV. It will alert them to look closely for signs of disease, plus allow them to provide the best possible treatment.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Academy of General Dentistry. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Academy of General Dentistry. "Pediatric HIV: Oral Lesions Are Commonly Associated With The Disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 October 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061006072216.htm>.
Academy of General Dentistry. (2006, October 8). Pediatric HIV: Oral Lesions Are Commonly Associated With The Disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061006072216.htm
Academy of General Dentistry. "Pediatric HIV: Oral Lesions Are Commonly Associated With The Disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061006072216.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, October 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Melafind: Spotting Melanoma Without a Biopsy

Melafind: Spotting Melanoma Without a Biopsy

Ivanhoe (Oct. 31, 2014) The MelaFind device is a pain-free way to check suspicious moles for melanoma, without the need for a biopsy. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Battling Multiple Myeloma

Battling Multiple Myeloma

Ivanhoe (Oct. 31, 2014) The answer isn’t always found in new drugs – repurposing an ‘old’ drug that could mean better multiple myeloma treatment, and hope. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Chronic Inflammation and Prostate Cancer

Chronic Inflammation and Prostate Cancer

Ivanhoe (Oct. 31, 2014) New information that is linking chronic inflammation in the prostate and prostate cancer, which may help doctors and patients prevent cancer in the future. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sickle Cell: Stopping Kids’ Silent Strokes

Sickle Cell: Stopping Kids’ Silent Strokes

Ivanhoe (Oct. 31, 2014) Blood transfusions are proving crucial to young sickle cell patients by helping prevent strokes, even when there is no outward sign of brain injury. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins