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Periodontal Therapy Helps Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Date:
November 1, 2006
Source:
American Academy of Periodontology
Summary:
Patients with Type 2 diabetes and periodontal disease who receive periodontal therapy see levels of oxidative stress, a condition in which antioxidant levels are lower than normal, reduced to the same levels as nondiabetic patients, according to a new study that appeared in the November issue of the Journal of Periodontology (JOP).
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Patients with Type 2 diabetes and periodontal disease who receive periodontal therapy see levels of oxidative stress, a condition in which antioxidant levels are lower than normal, reduced to the same levels as nondiabetic patients, according to a new study that appeared in the November issue of the Journal of Periodontology (JOP).

Researchers from Kyushu Dental College in Kitakyushu, Japan investigated the impact of periodontal therapy on patients with Type 2 diabetes, as compared to nondiabetic patients. They found that periodontal therapy decreased lipid peroxide (LPO), an oxidative stress index, in diabetic patients.

"Our research emphasized one of the benefits of having periodontal therapy for patients with diabetes," said Dr. Kazuo Sonoki, M.D. PhD at Kyushu Dental College, one of the study authors. "However, this was just a preliminary study and more research should be conducted to evaluate how periodontal disease affects both people with and without diabetes."

It has been found that diabetes and periodontal disease can lead to atherosclerosis, which occurs when deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the inner lining of an artery. This buildup is called plaque. It has been thought that oxidative stress is linked to heart disease because oxidation of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) in the endothelium is a precursor to plaque formation. Recently, oxidative stress has emerged as an important factor for atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes.

"We hear every day about how more and more people are being diagnosed with diabetes," said Preston D. Miller, DDS and AAP President. "This research confirms that patients with diabetes should be especially conscious of their periodontal health. While more research needs to be done to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and diabetes, we do know that treating periodontal diseases can save teeth, and can promote overall health."

For more information including referral to a periodontist or a free brochure entitled Diabetes & Periodontal Diseases, visit the AAP Web site at http://www.perio.org or call toll-free at 800/FLOSS-EM (800.356.7736).


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The above story is based on materials provided by American Academy of Periodontology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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American Academy of Periodontology. "Periodontal Therapy Helps Patients With Type 2 Diabetes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 November 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061031185235.htm>.
American Academy of Periodontology. (2006, November 1). Periodontal Therapy Helps Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061031185235.htm
American Academy of Periodontology. "Periodontal Therapy Helps Patients With Type 2 Diabetes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061031185235.htm (accessed May 30, 2015).

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