Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Low Hospital Staff Levels Increase Infection Rates

Date:
July 21, 2007
Source:
Critical Care
Summary:
Decreasing the number of nurses on duty in an intensive care unit (ICU) increases the risk of serious infection, according to a new report. The scientists found that when there were lower numbers of nurses, patients were more likely to catch pneumonia six days or more after being placed on a ventilator.

Decreasing the number of nurses on duty in an intensive care unit (ICU) increases the risk of serious infection, according to a report published in the open access journal Critical Care.

Related Articles


Stιphane Hugonnet and colleagues from the University of Geneva Hospitals, Switzerland, investigated the number of patients admitted to the ICU who developed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), over a four-year period. They then compared this to the number of nurses on duty for each patient in the preceding days. VAP affected over a fifth of the 936 patients who received mechanical ventilation during the study.

The team found that when there were lower numbers of nurses, patients were more likely to catch pneumonia six days or more after being placed on a ventilator. This suggests that bacteria are transferred between patients, or from one site to another in the same patient. This could be due to short-staffed nurses having less time to follow hand hygiene recommendations and proper isolation procedures or being unable to provide adequate care to the ventilated patient. The nurses' training level had no effect on infection rates.

The authors concluded that this study backs up findings from their earlier general study on ICU infection risks, namely that employing more than two nurses per patient per day would prevent a large proportion of infections. There was an average ratio of two nurses per patient per day in the ICU during this study.

"This study shows that a low nurse-to-patient ratio increases the risk of late-onset VAP," said Hugonnet. "It adds also to the growing body of evidence demonstrating that adequate staffing is a key determinant and a prerequisite for adequate care and patient safety." VAP is caused by bacteria entering the lungs as a consequence of the ventilator tubing and is one of the most common preventable problem affecting critically ill hospital patients. It can cause a stay of about an average of 10 extra days in hospital at a cost of US$10,000 to $40,000.

Article: Stephane Hugonnet, Ilker Uckay and Didier Pittet,  "Staffing level: a determinant of late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia" Critical Care, http://ccforum.com/content/11/4/R80   



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Critical Care. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Critical Care. "Low Hospital Staff Levels Increase Infection Rates." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 July 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719115825.htm>.
Critical Care. (2007, July 21). Low Hospital Staff Levels Increase Infection Rates. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 21, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719115825.htm
Critical Care. "Low Hospital Staff Levels Increase Infection Rates." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719115825.htm (accessed April 21, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Teva Offers $40 Billion for Mylan

Teva Offers $40 Billion for Mylan

Reuters - Business Video Online (Apr. 21, 2015) — Generic drugmaker Teva Pharmaceutical is offering $82 a share, or $40 billion, for its smaller rival Mylan, in an alternative to Mylan&apos;s deal to buy Perrigo. Bobbi Rebell reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Blue Bell Recalls All Products

Blue Bell Recalls All Products

AP (Apr. 21, 2015) — Blue Bell Creameries voluntary recalled for all of its products after two samples of chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream tested positive for listeria, a potentially deadly bacteria. Blue Bell&apos;s President and CEO issued a video statement. (April 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Yemen Doctors at Breaking Point

Yemen Doctors at Breaking Point

Reuters - News Video Online (Apr. 21, 2015) — A Sanaa hospital struggles to cope with the high number of casualties with severe injuries, after an air strike left at least 25 dead and hundreds wounded. Deborah Lutterbeck reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Tutu Tuesdays' Brighten Faces at Kids' Hospital

'Tutu Tuesdays' Brighten Faces at Kids' Hospital

AP (Apr. 21, 2015) — Doctors and nurses have started wearing ballet tutus every Tuesday to cheer up young hospital patients at a Florida hospital. It started with a request made by a nervous patient -- now, almost the entire staff is wearing the tutus. (April 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins