Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

High-tech Diagnosis Yields Vital Clues Into Mental Illness

Date:
August 14, 2007
Source:
Menninger Clinic
Summary:
Is there a definitive test for mental illness? Not yet, but using advanced neuropsychiatric diagnostic tools including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), mental health professionals at The Menninger Clinic in Houston are pinpointing the causes of behavioral and psychiatric problems in patients.

Is there a definitive test for mental illness? Not yet, but using advanced neuropsychiatric diagnostic tools including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), mental health professionals at The Menninger Clinic in Houston are pinpointing the causes of behavioral and psychiatric problems in patients.

Related Articles


“Even though a patient may have a straightforward mental health diagnosis or diagnoses, the neuropsychiatric approach can help us rule out medical or neurological reasons for the patient’s symptoms before we settle on a psychiatric reason,” says Florence Kim, M.D., director of the Menninger Comprehensive Psychiatric Assessment Service.

Launched in April, the Assessment Service provides adults who have behavioral and psychiatric issues with a thorough two-week assessment, including extensive neuropsychiatric testing. The service is designed as one stop for thorough assessment for individuals who are not making adequate progress in other treatment settings, desire a second opinion, require a thorough psychiatric assessment to determine what treatment program may fit their needs or who were referred by their clinician.

Patients in the program also undergo a psychiatric evaluation, extensive neuropsychological testing, psychological testing, psychosocial evaluation, a family system study and a neurological consult. Menninger’s affiliation with Baylor College of Medicine provides patients with access to consultants in neuropsychology and neurology for help with brain disorders such as stroke, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injury.

The Assessment Service also offers genotyping for patients who don’t respond well to psychiatric medications. A simple blood test can reveal whether a patient may metabolize a drug too fast, which provides the patient with little benefit, or metabolizes the drug too slowly, which can increase the amount of drug that builds up in the body, causing side effects such as nausea. Currently, doctors prescribe psychiatric medications based on their experience of what works best, but they can’t predict how medications will work in each individual patient. As a result, patients may spend several months or years trying to find the best medication with the fewest side effects.

The battery of tests used in the assessment yields a wealth of information, providing unique insight into the patient’s mental and behavioral health, in addition to the patient’s personal history. In some cases, the information may reveal an underlying medical condition, such as dementia or damage caused by a brain injury. It may also help better diagnose the type and the severity of mental illness or behavioral disorder the patient may have. The evaluation looks at all facets of a patient’s life and clinical picture before making treatment recommendations.

“One of our recent patients, an 18-year-old, came into the program as result of an intervention,” Dr. Kim says. “He had been labeled with a diagnosis, but as a result of our examinations, we were able to clarify that diagnosis. He told us, ‘finally, someone understands what’s going on.’”

As a result of his assessment, the patient changed his plans and immediately sought treatment.

At the end of a two- to three- week evaluation, the assessment team provides patients with findings and recommendations for their next steps. About half of patients choose to remain at Menninger for their treatment. Patients may also use the assessment to help guide their treatment at other psychiatric facilities, or outpatient treatment.

Dr. Kim sees the Assessment Service as an increasingly valuable tool to diagnosis and treat patients with psychiatric disorders.

“We are at the beginning of a new age in terms of what we can do for people with psychiatric illnesses,” she says. “In the next 20 to 30 years, we are going to see an explosion in brain research, and we’ll understand so much more about the genetic basis for many conditions. It’s a very exciting time.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Menninger Clinic. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Menninger Clinic. "High-tech Diagnosis Yields Vital Clues Into Mental Illness." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 August 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070811221223.htm>.
Menninger Clinic. (2007, August 14). High-tech Diagnosis Yields Vital Clues Into Mental Illness. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070811221223.htm
Menninger Clinic. "High-tech Diagnosis Yields Vital Clues Into Mental Illness." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070811221223.htm (accessed October 25, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Academic Scandal Shocks UNC

Academic Scandal Shocks UNC

AP (Oct. 23, 2014) A scandal involving bogus classes and inflated grades at the University of North Carolina was bigger than previously reported, a new investigation found. (Oct. 23) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Working Mother Getaway: Beaches Turks & Caicos

Working Mother Getaway: Beaches Turks & Caicos

Working Mother (Oct. 22, 2014) Feast your eyes on this gorgeous family-friendly resort. Video provided by Working Mother
Powered by NewsLook.com
What Your Favorite Color Says About You

What Your Favorite Color Says About You

Buzz60 (Oct. 22, 2014) We all have one color we love to wear, and believe it or not, your color preference may reveal some of your character traits. In celebration of National Color Day, Krystin Goodwin (@kyrstingoodwin) highlights what your favorite colors may say about you. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
First-Of-Its-Kind Treatment Gives Man Ability To Walk Again

First-Of-Its-Kind Treatment Gives Man Ability To Walk Again

Newsy (Oct. 21, 2014) A medical team has for the first time given a man the ability to walk again after transplanting cells from his brain onto his severed spinal cord. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins