Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Survival Of Newborns With Abdominal Holes Differs According To Hospital

Date:
October 29, 2007
Source:
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Summary:
A newborn's chance for surviving a low-risk version of a condition called gastroschisis varies greatly by hospital, according to a new study. The uncomplicated variant of the condition, where the hole is the only abdominal anomaly, is fairly easy to repair, and 97 percent of babies survive it. Some hospitals had death rates three to five times the national average.

A newborn's chance for surviving a low-risk version of a condition called gastroschisis varies greatly by hospital, according to a study by Johns Hopkins surgeons. Babies with the condition have a hole in their abdomen near the umbilical cord. The uncomplicated variant of the condition, where the hole is the only abdominal anomaly, is fairly easy to repair, and 97 percent of babies survive it.

Related Articles


However the Hopkins findings suggest that in some hospitals, far fewer babies who should survive the condition after treatment actually do. Some hospitals had death rates three to five times the national average.

Researchers compared mortality rates among 1,775 infants born with uncomplicated gastroschisis in 40 U.S hospitals. Only hospitals that had treated at least 25 newborns with gastroschisis were included. Of the 40 hospitals, one-fourth (10) had death rates higher than 2.9 percent, which is the national average for the low-risk variant of the condition. Of the 10, two hospitals had very poor death rates--8.6 percent and 14.3 percent.

"We went into this prepared to see some differences, but we didn't expect to see these striking variations from hospital to hospital in these fairly uncomplicated cases," says investigator Meghan Arnold, M.D., a surgical resident at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

Because surgical techniques to repair gastroschisis are uniform across hospitals, researchers say the next step should be finding whether the difference in survival could be due to factors such as different nurse-to-patient ratios, variations in medication and nursing protocols and the availability of pediatric subspecialists.

The findings of the study are being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics Conference Oct. 26 through Oct. 30 in San Francisco.

Other researchers in the study: Fizan Abdullah, M.D. Ph. D., Hopkins Children's; Paul Colombani, M.D., Hopkins Children's; and David C. Chang, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Embargoed for release until Saturday, Oct. 27, 1 p.m., PST


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Survival Of Newborns With Abdominal Holes Differs According To Hospital." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 October 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071027171214.htm>.
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. (2007, October 29). Survival Of Newborns With Abdominal Holes Differs According To Hospital. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 27, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071027171214.htm
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Survival Of Newborns With Abdominal Holes Differs According To Hospital." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071027171214.htm (accessed February 27, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, February 27, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Sleeping Too Much Or Too Little Might Increase Stroke Risk

Sleeping Too Much Or Too Little Might Increase Stroke Risk

Newsy (Feb. 26, 2015) People who sleep more than eight hours per night are 45 percent more likely to have a stroke, according to a University of Cambridge study. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
London Show Dissects History of Forensic Science

London Show Dissects History of Forensic Science

AFP (Feb. 25, 2015) Forensic science, which has fascinated generations with its unravelling of gruesome crime mysteries, is being put under the microscope in an exhibition of real criminal investigations in London. Duration: 00:53 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Michigan Couple Celebrates Identical Triplets

Michigan Couple Celebrates Identical Triplets

AP (Feb. 25, 2015) A suburban Detroit couple who have two older children are adjusting to life after becoming parents to identical triplets _ a multiple birth a doctor calls rare. (Feb. 25) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Mayor Says District of Columbia to Go Ahead With Pot Legalization

Mayor Says District of Columbia to Go Ahead With Pot Legalization

Reuters - News Video Online (Feb. 25, 2015) Washington&apos;s mayor says the District of Columbia will move forward with marijuana legalization, despite pushback from Congress. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins