Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Do Life Events Trigger Mental Disorders?

Date:
November 18, 2007
Source:
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Summary:
A new epidemiological study addresses an old question regarding the triggers of mental disorders. Although life events have been consistently reported as precipitating factors for most psychiatric disorders, there is no comprehensive investigation of the relationship between severe life events and psychiatric disorders in the general population.

A new epidemiological study performed in Italy addresses an old question in a recent issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Although life events have been consistently reported as precipitating factors for most psychiatric disorders, there is no comprehensive investigation of the relationship between severe life events and psychiatric disorders in the general population.

This is a community-based study of psychiatric disorders among a cohort representative of adults in an Italian town. A total of 2,363 subjects out of 2,500 selected to be representative of the population living in Sesto Fiorentino, central Italy, were interviewed by their own general practitioner using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.

Of the 613 subjects, 609 who resulted positive for any psychiatric disorders and 123 out of a random sample of 130 negatives were re-interviewed by the psychiatrists using the Florence Psychiatric Interview. The Florence Psychiatric Interview was used to explore each distinct psychiatric episode. Life events were recorded in detail by a specific interview.

During the year prior to the onset of the first psychiatric disorder, 35.8% of cases suffered from at least a severe event, compared with 12.2% of non-cases during a comparable period (OR = 4.0, 95% CI = 2.3-7.1). The excess of life events occurred for almost all the diagnostic categories. The same results were reproduced even when only the 'independent' life events were considered.

The distribution of the events through the 12 months taken into account showed an even distribution of events among non-cases, whereas there was a clear accumulation in the last 3 months prior to the onset of the pathology in the cases. Life stress is one of the main precipitating factors of psychopathology.

Journal reference: Faravelli, C. ; Catena, M. ; Scarpato, A. ; Ricca, V. Epidemiology of Life Events: Life Events and Psychiatric Disorders in the Sesto Fiorentino StudyPsychother Psychosom 2007;76:361-368


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "Do Life Events Trigger Mental Disorders?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 November 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071117114902.htm>.
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. (2007, November 18). Do Life Events Trigger Mental Disorders?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071117114902.htm
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. "Do Life Events Trigger Mental Disorders?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071117114902.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Corporal Punishment on Decline, Debate Renews

Corporal Punishment on Decline, Debate Renews

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) Corporal punishment in the United States is on the decline, but there is renewed debate over its use after Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson was charged with child abuse. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
FDA Eyes Skin Shocks Used at Mass. School

FDA Eyes Skin Shocks Used at Mass. School

AP (Sep. 15, 2014) The FDA is considering whether to ban devices used by the Judge Rotenberg Educational Center in Canton, Massachusetts, the only place in the country known to use electrical skin shocks as aversive conditioning for aggressive patients. (Sept. 15) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Shocker: Journalists Are Utterly Addicted To Coffee

Shocker: Journalists Are Utterly Addicted To Coffee

Newsy (Sep. 13, 2014) A U.K. survey found that journalists consumed the most amount of coffee, but that's only the tip of the coffee-related statistics iceberg. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Magic Mushrooms' Could Help Smokers Quit

'Magic Mushrooms' Could Help Smokers Quit

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) In a small study, researchers found that the majority of long-time smokers quit after taking psilocybin pills and undergoing therapy sessions. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile: iPhone Android Web
    Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins