Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

National Survey Shows Minority Children Experience Multiple Disparities In Health Care

Date:
February 5, 2008
Source:
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Summary:
There is a lack of equity in health care for minority children in America, according to data gathered in a nationwide survey. Among the findings were: Asthma was significantly more prevalent among African-American, Native Americans and multiracial children; Native American children had a higher prevalence of hearing and vision problems and diabetes; and digestive allergies were significantly more likely in multiracial children, while skin allergies were more frequent in African-American children.

There is a lack of equity in health care for minority children in America, according to data gathered in a nationwide survey and analyzed by a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher.

The UT Southwestern analysis, published as an abstract in the February issue of the journal Pediatrics, suggests certain disparities are particularly pronounced for specific racial and ethnic groups. Awareness of these disparities may be useful for clinicians, health systems and policymakers to address the needs of diverse populations, said Dr. Glenn Flores, professor of pediatrics at UT Southwestern and lead author of the study.

"Greater attention needs to be paid to disparities in minority children, not just because of their striking frequency and magnitude, but also because of their potential to become disparities in adults," said Dr. Flores. "Conservative estimates indicate that minorities will comprise half of U.S. children by 2040. In Texas, more than 62 percent of children currently are non-white. Although increasing attention is being paid to racial and ethnic disparities in health care, very little attention is directed toward children."

Results were drawn from the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). Conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics, the NSCH was a national telephone survey of 102,353 interviews completed between January 2003 and July 2004. One child under the age of 18 was randomly selected in each household as the subject of the survey. The parent or guardian who knew the most about the child's health and health care served as the respondent. Interviews were administered in English and Spanish.

Based on responses, a child's race/ethnicity was classified as white, Latino, African-American, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American or multiracial. Other demographic variables analyzed included the child's age, insurance coverage, number of children and adults in the household, highest educational attainment in the household, household employment status and combined annual family income.

Dr. Flores, who also serves as director of the division of general pediatrics at Children's Medical Center Dallas, said children in all five minority groups were significantly less likely than whites to have visited a physician or been given a medical prescription in the past year. Additionally, Latino and Native American children were more likely to be uninsured than African-American, multiracial, white and Asian/Pacific Islander children.

Many disparities between whites and minorities were observed for specific childhood conditions, including asthma, hearing and vision problems, diabetes, behavior problems, allergies and dental care. Among the findings:

  • Asthma was significantly more prevalent among African-American, Native Americans and multiracial children;
  • Native American children had a higher prevalence of hearing and vision problems and diabetes;
  • Behavior problems were especially prevalent in African-American and multiracial children;
  • Digestive allergies were significantly more likely in multiracial children, while skin allergies were more frequent in African-American children; and
  • Multiracial, Native American and African-American children also had higher odds of not receiving all needed dental care.

"A main strength of this study was that analyses were performed for all five of the major U.S. racial and ethnic groups," Dr. Flores said. "Reduction and elimination of health-care disparities in children may require more comprehensive data collection, analyses and monitoring of disparities, as well as improvements in access to care, reducing unmet needs and targeted community-based interventions."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by UT Southwestern Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

UT Southwestern Medical Center. "National Survey Shows Minority Children Experience Multiple Disparities In Health Care." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 February 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080205161223.htm>.
UT Southwestern Medical Center. (2008, February 5). National Survey Shows Minority Children Experience Multiple Disparities In Health Care. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080205161223.htm
UT Southwestern Medical Center. "National Survey Shows Minority Children Experience Multiple Disparities In Health Care." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080205161223.htm (accessed August 22, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Friday, August 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Drug Used To Treat 'Ebola's Cousin' Shows Promise

Drug Used To Treat 'Ebola's Cousin' Shows Promise

Newsy (Aug. 21, 2014) An experimental drug used to treat Marburg virus in rhesus monkeys could give new insight into a similar treatment for Ebola. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two US Ebola Patients Leave Hospital Free of the Disease

Two US Ebola Patients Leave Hospital Free of the Disease

AFP (Aug. 21, 2014) Two American missionaries who were sickened with Ebola while working in Liberia and were treated with an experimental drug are doing better and have left the hospital, doctors say on August 21, 2014. Duration: 01:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Cadavers, a Teen, and a Medical School Dream

Cadavers, a Teen, and a Medical School Dream

AP (Aug. 21, 2014) Contains graphic content. He's only 17. But Johntrell Bowles has wanted to be a doctor from a young age, despite the odds against him. He was recently the youngest participant in a cadaver program at the Indiana University NW medical school. (Aug. 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
American Ebola Patients Released: What Cured Them?

American Ebola Patients Released: What Cured Them?

Newsy (Aug. 21, 2014) It's unclear whether the American Ebola patients' recoveries can be attributed to an experimental drug or early detection and good medical care. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins