Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Potential Antidepressant Compounds Synthesized

Date:
February 23, 2008
Source:
Basque Research
Summary:
New compounds with the potential for antidepressant activity have been found. A chemist has synthesized new molecules which affect two brain targets which are considered to be keys in the development of processes of depression. One of these is the serotonin transporter, whose reuptake reduction has already been shown to improve mood; the other is the serotoninergic receptor 5-HT7, a therapeutic target for serotonin whose modulation can provoke anti-depressant effects.

Luis Berrade, a researcher with the Drug R&D Unit of the University of Navarra, has discovered new compounds with the potential for anti-depressant activity. All told, the chemist of the School of Sciences synthesized 51 compounds whose biological characteristics were evaluated by the Mediterranean Institute of Neurobiology, located in Italy, and the Department of Pharmacology of the University of Oslo.

As the researcher explained, the new molecules which he designed affect two brain targets which are considered to be keys in the development of processes of depression. One of these is the serotonin transporter, whose reuptake reduction has already been shown to improve mood; the other is the serotoninergic receptor 5-HT7, a therapeutic target for serotonin whose modulation can provoke anti-depressant effects.

Trials in vivo

In order to study these two key targets, Luis Berrade developed chemical structures via the fusion of two similar chemical compounds: the benzo[b]-thiophene ring and arilamine. Following this, he compared the new compounds with a drug currently on the market, Fluoxetine.

As a result of this research, he explained, we discovered that nine of these compounds demonstrated greater affinity, in this sense, than the commercial drug. As a consequence of this discovery, in January in vivo trials were begun in order to test their anti-depressant activity in mice.*

Among its objectives was discovering whether these new compounds could reduce the minimum time required for anti-depressant drugs to ameliorate the symptoms of the disease: Currently, the time for an antidepressant to take effect is from three to six weeks, and this is an important factor in patient refusal to continue with these treatments; as a result it is very important to shorten the time required for the positive effects to appear.

*This study was undertaken in collaboration with the Department of Pharmacology of the University of Navarra. Results obtained in this research formed part of the doctoral dissertation, entitled “Design, synthesis and preliminary biological evaluation of new derivatives of benzo[b]-thiophene in the Search for Agents for a New Anti-Depressant Therapy.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Basque Research. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Basque Research. "Potential Antidepressant Compounds Synthesized." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 February 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080220103545.htm>.
Basque Research. (2008, February 23). Potential Antidepressant Compounds Synthesized. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080220103545.htm
Basque Research. "Potential Antidepressant Compounds Synthesized." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080220103545.htm (accessed July 29, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Generics Eat Into Pfizer's Sales

Generics Eat Into Pfizer's Sales

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 29, 2014) Pfizer, the world's largest drug maker, cut full-year revenue forecasts because generics could cut into sales of its anti-arthritis drug, Celebrex. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Nigeria Ups Ebola Stakes on 1st Death

Nigeria Ups Ebola Stakes on 1st Death

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 29, 2014) Nigerian authorities have shut and quarantined a Lagos hospital where a Liberian man died of the Ebola virus, the first recorded case of the highly-infectious disease in Africa's most populous economy. David Pollard reports Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Newsy (July 29, 2014) According to a new study, just five minutes of running or jogging a day could add years to your life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Outbreak Poses Little Threat To U.S.: CDC

Ebola Outbreak Poses Little Threat To U.S.: CDC

Newsy (July 29, 2014) The Ebola outbreak in West Africa poses little threat to Americans, according to officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins