Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Glaucoma Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Death In Black Patients, Study Shows

Date:
March 13, 2008
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Black patients with diagnosed and treated glaucoma and those with high pressure in their eyes appear to have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular causes, according to a new article.

Black patients with diagnosed and treated glaucoma and those with high pressure in their eyes appear to have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular causes, according to a new report.

Related Articles


"Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide," the authors write as background information in the article. "The most common type, primary open-angle glaucoma, is especially prevalent in populations of African origin, in which it is the foremost cause of blindness." In addition to higher rates of open-angle glaucoma, black populations also tend to have higher rates of death from chronic disease and high pressure within their eyes (ocular hypertension) than white populations.

Suh-Yuh Wu, M.A., of Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, and colleagues studied 4,092 participants age 40 to 84 (average age 58.6) in the Barbados Eye Studies, which assess a predominately black population with similar ancestry to African-Americans. Initial visits occurred between 1987 and 1992. Height, weight and blood pressure were recorded; interviews were conducted; and various eye measurements were taken. These included photographs of the retina and measurements of eye pressure.

At the beginning of the study, 300 participants had glaucoma, including 141 who had been diagnosed and treated. After nine years of follow-up, 764 (19 percent) of the participants had died. After adjusting for other factors, glaucoma was not associated with the risk of death overall. However, the risk of death from cardiovascular causes was 38 percent higher in individuals who had previously been diagnosed with or treated for open-angle glaucoma and 91 percent higher in those who had been treated with one particular agent, the beta-blocker timolol maleate. Cardiovascular deaths were also 28 percent higher in those with ocular hypertension at the beginning of the study.

"One explanation for the excess mortality [death] found in persons with previously diagnosed open-angle glaucoma could be their longer duration of disease compared with those with newly diagnosed disease," the authors write. "Another explanation for an increased mortality risk could be related to the open-angle glaucoma treatment received." Adverse effects or inappropriate use of beta-blockers and other medications used to treat glaucoma may harm the cardiovascular system and increase death risk.

Some evidence suggests that risk factors for ocular hypertension and cardiovascular disease are similar, potentially explaining the increased risk of death associated with ocular hypertension, the authors note. "These findings underscore the importance of close monitoring and controlling of adequate intraocular pressure levels in this and other high-risk populations," they conclude.

Journal reference: Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126[3]:365-370.

This study was supported by grants from the National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Md.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Glaucoma Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Death In Black Patients, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 March 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080310164909.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2008, March 13). Glaucoma Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Death In Black Patients, Study Shows. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080310164909.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Glaucoma Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Death In Black Patients, Study Shows." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080310164909.htm (accessed April 17, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, April 17, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Our Love Of Puppy Dog Eyes Explained By Science

Our Love Of Puppy Dog Eyes Explained By Science

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2015) Researchers found a spike in oxytocin occurs in both humans and dogs when they gaze into each other&apos;s eyes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find Link Between Gestational Diabetes And Autism

Scientists Find Link Between Gestational Diabetes And Autism

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2015) Researchers who analyzed data from over 300,000 kids and their mothers say they&apos;ve found a link between gestational diabetes and autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Video Messages Help Reassure Dementia Patients

Video Messages Help Reassure Dementia Patients

AP (Apr. 17, 2015) Family members are prerecording messages as part of a unique pilot program at the Hebrew Home in New York. The videos are trying to help victims of Alzheimer&apos;s disease and other forms of dementia break through the morning fog of forgetfulness. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Boy or Girl? Intersex Awareness Is on the Rise

Boy or Girl? Intersex Awareness Is on the Rise

AP (Apr. 17, 2015) At least 1 in 5,000 U.S. babies are born each year with intersex conditions _ ambiguous genitals because of genetic glitches or hormone problems. Secrecy and surgery are common. But some doctors and activists are trying to change things. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins