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New Immunization Strategy Could Be Effective Against 10 To 15 Percent Of All Cancers

Date:
May 27, 2008
Source:
University Hospital Heidelberg
Summary:
Researchers have discovered a new strategy for an immunization against certain forms of cancer. They have determined that immune cells react strongly to the modified proteins in tumor cells in which a DNA repair defect has occurred. It is estimated that this repair defect is present in some 15 percent of all tumors.

Immunization against “false” proteins could sensitize the immune system against tumour cells.

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Researchers in Heidelberg have discovered a new strategy for an immunization against certain forms of cancer. They have determined that immune cells react strongly to the modified proteins in tumor cells in which a DNA repair defect has occurred. It is estimated that this repair defect is present in some 15 percent of all tumours.

The researchers, led by Professor Dr. Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Medical Director of the Department of Applied Tumor Biology at the Heidelberg University Hospital, studied the most frequent form of hereditary colon cancer, the HNPCC syndrome (Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer Syndrome).

In Germany, colon cancer, with about 65,000 new cases per year, is the third most common form of cancer. In about 15 percent of these tumors, there is a defect in certain repair mechanisms of the DNA that leads mainly to changes in the so-called microsatellites. As the researchers in Heidelberg have now discovered, these changes in microsatellites cause the tumour cells to begin forming foreign proteins, which can be recognized and attacked by the immune system.

But why are tumours formed despite the immune reaction? “There are two reasons for this,” says Professor von Knebel Doeberitz. “The immune system often reacts too slowly – and some tumor cells are able to hide because they lose the ability to express the foreign proteins on their surface.”

The results of the Heidelberg research team suggest that the growth of tumous with microsatellite changes can be prevented if the immune system can be activated against the foreign proteins in time. The researchers’ next goal is thus to develop a vaccine against these types of cancer from the new foreign proteins that are created from mutations. If the immune system is sensitized against the “enemy” by immunization, it could react rapidly and strongly when cancer cells or their early stages appear.

The new immunization strategy could be effective against 10 to 15 percent of all cancers. The new results are especially significant for patients who suffer from the most frequent form of hereditary colon cancer, the HNPCC syndrome (Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer Syndrome). Almost all tumours of this form are affected by the changes in microsatellites.

The research was conducted in co-operation with the German Cancer Research Center and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) and was funded with € 380,000 by the Deutsche Krebshilfe (German Cancer Aid).


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Hospital Heidelberg. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yvette Schwitalle, Matthias Kloor, Susanne Eiermann, Michael Linnebacher, Peter Kienle, Hanns Peter Knaebel, Mirjam Tariverdian, Axel Benner, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Immune Response Against Frameshift-Induced Neopeptides in HNPCC Patients and Healthy HNPCC Mutation Carriers, Gastroenterology 2008, 134, 988-997.

Cite This Page:

University Hospital Heidelberg. "New Immunization Strategy Could Be Effective Against 10 To 15 Percent Of All Cancers." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 May 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080527091916.htm>.
University Hospital Heidelberg. (2008, May 27). New Immunization Strategy Could Be Effective Against 10 To 15 Percent Of All Cancers. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080527091916.htm
University Hospital Heidelberg. "New Immunization Strategy Could Be Effective Against 10 To 15 Percent Of All Cancers." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080527091916.htm (accessed December 18, 2014).

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