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Did Slow Deformation Mitigate Peru Quake?

Date:
June 9, 2008
Source:
American Geophysical Union
Summary:
Between 1992 and 2007, nine magnitude 7 or larger earthquakes have rocked the subduction zone of southern Peru and northern Chile, including a magnitude 8.1 earthquake in August 2007 near Pisco, Peru. Researchers combined data from seismometers and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to determine the Pisco earthquake's heterogeneous slip distribution.

Between 1992 and 2007, nine magnitude 7 or larger earthquakes have rocked the subduction zone of southern Peru and northern Chile, including a magnitude 8.1 earthquake in August 2007 near Pisco, Peru.

Pritchard and Fielding combine data from seismometers and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to determine the Pisco earthquake's heterogeneous slip distribution.

The analysis includes some of the first data from the Japanese Advanced Land Observation Satellite (ALOS) and the European Envisat wide-swath beam. The seismic data indicate that the slip maximum occurred 60 seconds after the main shock started, and the InSAR data constrain the main slip patch to be about 70 kilometers (43 miles)from the earthquake's origin.

Combined, these factors suggest an extremely low rupture velocity or a long slip rise time. Historic data indicate that no large earthquake has occurred near Pisco since at least 1746.

Though the Pisco earthquake was large, its expected magnitude would have been larger if all stress accumulated since the eighteenth century had been released.

Thus, stress from subduction was likely released through aseismic deformation within this region.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Geophysical Union. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Searching .. A study of the 2006 and 2007 earthquake sequence of Pisco, Peru, with InSAR and teleseismic data. Geophysical Research Letters, 2008; 35 (9): L09308 DOI: 10.1029/2008GL033374

Cite This Page:

American Geophysical Union. "Did Slow Deformation Mitigate Peru Quake?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 June 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604140930.htm>.
American Geophysical Union. (2008, June 9). Did Slow Deformation Mitigate Peru Quake?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604140930.htm
American Geophysical Union. "Did Slow Deformation Mitigate Peru Quake?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604140930.htm (accessed July 23, 2014).

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