Earth Science News
October 8, 2015

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updated 7:49pm EDT

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October 8, 2015

Simulating Path of 'Magma Mush' Inside an Active Volcano

Oct. 1, 2015 — The first simulation of the individual crystals in volcanic mush, a mix of liquid magma and solid crystals, shows mixing to help understand the buildup of pressure deep inside a ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — In an effort to help develop a domestic supply of rare earth elements, researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute have developed a novel method of chemically separating these materials -- ... read more

Earthquake Rupture Halted by Seamounts

Sep. 30, 2015 — Experts expected for some time that one of the next mega earthquakes occurs off northern Chile. But when the earth did tremble around the northern Chilean city of Iquique in 2014, the strength and ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — New water-tracing technology has been used in the Sydney Basin for the first time to determine how groundwater moves in the different layers of rock below the surface. The study provides a baseline ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — In forests worldwide, drought consistently has had a more detrimental impact on the growth and survival of larger trees, new research shows. In addition, while the death of small trees may affect the ... read more

Arctic Sea Ice Still Too Thick for Regular Shipping Route Through Northwest Passage

Sep. 29, 2015 — Despite climate change, sea ice in the Northwest Passage (NWP) remains too thick and treacherous for it to be a regular commercial Arctic shipping route for many decades, according to new research. ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — The United States has fallen behind on offshore wind power, experts say. Their findings show that while offshore wind turbines have been successfully deployed in Europe since 1991, the U.S. is ... read more

Scientists Simulate Earth's Middle Crust to Understand Earthquakes

Sep. 29, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time been able to measure a material's resistance to fracturing from various types of tectonic motions in Earth's middle crust, a discovery that may lead to ... read more

Goods Manufactured in China Not Good for the Environment, Study Finds

Sep. 28, 2015 — Scientists show that products made in China are associated with significantly higher carbon dioxide emissions than the same products made elsewhere. The researchers attribute China's high ... read more

Highest Tides for 18.6 Years Set for the UK This Week

Sep. 28, 2015 — Many places along the UK coastline will experience the highest tide for 18.6 years between the 19th and 30th of September, as a result of the co-incidence of a series of astronomical ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — A crucial process has been identified to explain the reason why dissolved organic carbon (DOC) levels in the deep oceans are constant despite a continuous supply from the surface ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — Changes to overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean as a result of temperatures over Antarctica play key role in carbon uptake by the ... read more

Gone Fishing: Loss of Ocean Predators Has Impact on Climate Change Strategies

Sep. 28, 2015 — As Australia engages in debate over shark culling, new research says unsustainable harvesting of larger fish will affect how we tackle climate change. A group of scientists warns the loss of top ... read more

Ice Samples from Greenland, Russia Provide Clues to Past, Future Climate Change

Sep. 28, 2015 — Scientists have discovered evidence of carbonaceous aerosols -- organic dust -- transported from Asia and deposited in the Arctic over the last 450 years, according to a study. They have also found ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — Researchers have used radiocarbon measured in deep-sea fossil corals to shed light on carbon dioxide levels during Earth's last deglaciation. Fossil corals have the unique advantage that they ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — A huge volcanic eruption in Iceland emitted on average three times as much of a toxic gas as all European industry combined, a study has revealed. Discharge of lava from the eruption at Bárðarbunga ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — A survey of nearly 700 scientists from non-climate disciplines shows that more than 90 percent believe that average global temperatures are higher than pre-1800s levels and that human activity has ... read more

Curbing Short-Lived Pollutants: A Win-Win for Climate and Air Quality

Sep. 24, 2015 — Ozone, methane and aerosols (tiny pollutant particles) remain in the atmosphere for a shorter time than CO2, but can affect both the climate and air quality. Yet environmental policies tend to ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — Fluctuating sea levels and global cooling caused a significant decline in the number of crocodilian species over millions of years, according to new research. In the future, the researchers suggest ... read more

New Study Highlights Valuable Tool for Studying Living and Extinct Animals

Sep. 23, 2015 — Findings of a new study could support a number of fields from animal poaching to paleoecology. Researchers report on a mathematical analytical tool that was designed to predict a common elemental ... read more

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