Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Hospitals Apply Lessons Learned In The Airline Industry To Improve Operating Room Safety

Date:
February 17, 2009
Source:
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Summary:
A recent study found that integrated team training and pre-operative discussions increase staff communication and teamwork, thus reducing the potential for operating room errors. The study was conducted by implementing a communication model known in the airline industry as Crew Resource Management, which was tailored to the specific needs of a surgical environment.

A recent study conducted by Northwestern Memorial Hospital found that integrated team training and pre-operative discussions increase staff communication and teamwork, thus reducing the potential for operating room errors. The study, published in the February issue of Archives of Surgery, was conducted by implementing a communication model known in the airline industry as Crew Resource Management, which was tailored to the specific needs of a surgical environment.

The model aims to improve communication, develop attitudes conducive to teamwork and minimize the hierarchy by encouraging input from every team member regarding “near miss” or potential adverse events or errors.

The study goal was to measure how improved staff interaction would impact operating room efficiency, patient safety and staff satisfaction. Northwestern Memorial trained more than 1,100 staff members over a two-week period, including operating room physicians, nurses, technicians and other personnel. Each participated in a four-hour classroom curriculum and intraoperative coaching on team related behaviors, followed by feedback sessions. The operating room staff was also asked to implement and document several measures of communication including newly established pre-operative discussions, existing checklists, known as “time-outs” and post-operative debriefings.

After the training was complete, researchers compared pre-training surgical observations and feedback to post-training observations and feedback, in order to determine the effectiveness of the communication model.

“Communication is the cornerstone to ensuring operating room safety,” said Amy Halverson, MD, surgical oncologist and study author. “Following the training, 75 percent of staff felt the program resulted in better staff communication and an improved sense of teamwork.”

The study also revealed that pre-operative meetings play an important role in avoiding potential mishaps, with more than one-third of employees surveyed stating they felt the meetings helped avoid error.

“There are several layers to our surgical safety checklist to ensure a safe operating environment,” said Halverson. “The training helped implement new procedures, while also increasing compliance of existing safety measures such as team ‘time outs’, which increased from 47 percent compliance prior to training to near 100 percent post training”.

“This study demonstrates a direct correlation between an improved sense of teamwork and a safer, more efficiently run operating room environment, said Karen J. Anderson RN, MBA, MSN, CNOR, director of surgical services. It is one of many safety measures we’ve put in place to uphold quality standards. As we achieve success, we continue to build from what we’ve learned, always looking for additional ways to provide a positive working environment for our staff and enhance patient care.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Northwestern Memorial Hospital. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Northwestern Memorial Hospital. "Hospitals Apply Lessons Learned In The Airline Industry To Improve Operating Room Safety." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 February 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090217104447.htm>.
Northwestern Memorial Hospital. (2009, February 17). Hospitals Apply Lessons Learned In The Airline Industry To Improve Operating Room Safety. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090217104447.htm
Northwestern Memorial Hospital. "Hospitals Apply Lessons Learned In The Airline Industry To Improve Operating Room Safety." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090217104447.htm (accessed August 1, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Friday, August 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

House Republicans Vote to Sue Obama Over Healthcare Law

House Republicans Vote to Sue Obama Over Healthcare Law

Reuters - US Online Video (July 31, 2014) The Republican-led House of Representatives votes to sue President Obama, accusing him of overstepping his executive authority in making changes to the Affordable Care Act. Mana Rabiee reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Despite Health Questions, E-Cigs Are Beneficial: Study

Despite Health Questions, E-Cigs Are Beneficial: Study

Newsy (July 31, 2014) Citing 81 previous studies, new research out of London suggests the benefits of smoking e-cigarettes instead of regular ones outweighs the risks. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

AP (July 31, 2014) Sarasota County, Florida health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after a dangerous bacteria killed one person and made another sick. (July 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 30, 2014) Obamacare-related costs were said to be behind the profit plunge at Wellpoint and Humana, but Wellpoint sees the new exchanges boosting its earnings for the full year. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins