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Genital Stimulation Opens Door For Cryptic Female Choice In Tsetse Flies

Date:
May 21, 2009
Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Summary:
Manipulation of male and/or female genitalia results in a suite of changes in female reproductive behavior in tsetse flies, carriers of African sleeping sickness.

Genital stimulation affects a wide variety of female reproductive behaviors with important evolutionary implications.
Credit: Bill Eberhard, STRI

By snipping off parts of male genitalia and reducing genital sensation in both male and female tsetse flies, researchers induced a suite of changes in female reproduction, including reduced ovulation, reduced sperm storage and increased re-mating attempts by the females.

"To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study to look at female choice following experimental manipulation of both male and female genitalia," said William Eberhard, staff scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and professor of biology at the University of Costa Rica.

Cryptic female choice—the ability of females to control which sperm reaches their eggs during and after the mating process—leads to rapid evolutionary changes in genital structure and is probably influenced by the number of times a female mates with different males.

"The tsetse fly Kama Sutra is long and elaborate," said Eberhard, who described the 30-minute ritual during which the male rubs the underside of the female's abdomen with his hind legs, sings to her by buzzing his wings, rubs her eyes with his front legs, and so on.

With Daniel Briceρo, professor of biology at the University of Costa Rica, Eberhard modified male genital structures by cutting off a tooth that is typical of this species of tsetse fly and by smoothing a bristly surface by applying a coat of nail polish. In addition, they modified the sensations perceived by the female from these structures by altering the female sense organs on the portions of her body that these male structures contact during copulation. "We were surprised by the number of female processes that were influenced by modifying the stimuli received by the female from the male's genitalia," said Eberhard.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. "Genital Stimulation Opens Door For Cryptic Female Choice In Tsetse Flies." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 May 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090514130636.htm>.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. (2009, May 21). Genital Stimulation Opens Door For Cryptic Female Choice In Tsetse Flies. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090514130636.htm
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. "Genital Stimulation Opens Door For Cryptic Female Choice In Tsetse Flies." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090514130636.htm (accessed August 28, 2014).

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