Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Targeted Therapy Finds And Eliminates Deadly Leukemia Stem Cells

Date:
July 3, 2009
Source:
Cell Press
Summary:
New research describes a molecular tool that shows great promise as a therapeutic for human acute myeloid leukemia, a notoriously treatment-resistant blood cancer. The study describes exciting preclinical studies in which a new therapeutic approach selectively attacks human cancer cells grown in the lab and in animal models of leukemia.

New research describes a molecular tool that shows great promise as a therapeutic for human acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a notoriously treatment-resistant blood cancer. The study, published in the July 2nd issue of the journal Cell Stem Cell, describes exciting preclinical studies in which a new therapeutic approach selectively attacks human cancer cells grown in the lab and in animal models of leukemia.

Related Articles


AML is a cancer of the white blood cells that has an extremely poor prognosis and does not respond well to conventional chemotherapy. "The cellular and molecular basis for this dismal picture is unclear," offers senior study author Associate Professor Richard Lock from the Children's Cancer Institute Australia and the University of New South Wales. "However, previous research has suggested that leukemia stem cells (LSCs) may lie at the heart of post-treatment relapse and chemoresistance." LSCs are cells that can initiate AML and are critical for its long-term growth.

Associate Professor Lock and colleagues exploited the fact that the molecule CD123 is expressed at very high levels on LSCs but not on normal blood cells. CD123 is part of the interleukin-3 receptor, a protein that interacts with a growth factor (called a cytokine) that influences cell survival and proliferation. The researchers created a therapeutic antibody that recognized and bound to CD123 with the hope that this antibody would selectively interfere with AML-LSC survival.

When AML-LSCs from human patients were transplanted into mice treated with the antibody, called 7G3, cytokine signaling in the tumor cells was blocked. Further, 7G3 impaired migration of the AML-LSCs to bone marrow and activated the innate immune system of the host mouse to destroy the AML-LSCs. Overall, treatment with 7G3 substantially improved mouse survival when compared with control groups. The researchers go on to report that a CD123-targeting antibody is currently being used in phase 1 clinical trials of advanced AML and that there are no signs of treatment-related toxicity.

These results hold substantial promise for future cancer therapeutics. "The recent characterization of defined populations of cancer stem cells in a range of human malignancies, as well as their relative resistance to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, supports the broad applicability of our approach and provides rationale for the progression of AML-LSC-targeted therapeutics from preclinical evaluation to clinical trials," concludes Associate Professor Lock.

The researchers include Liqing Jin, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada; Erwin M. Lee, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Hayley S. Ramshaw, Centre for Cancer Biology, Adelaide, Australia; Samantha J. Busfield, CSL Limited, Melbourne, Australia; Armando G. Peoppl, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada; Lucy Wilkinson, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia; Mark A. Guthridge, Centre for Cancer Biology, Adelaide, Australia; Daniel Thomas, Centre for Cancer Biology, Adelaide, Australia; Emma F. Barry, Centre for Cancer Biology, Adelaide, Australia; Andrew Boyd, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia; David P. Gearing, CSL Limited, Melbourne, Australia; Gino Vairo, CSL Limited, Melbourne, Australia; Angel F. Lopez, Centre for Cancer Biology, Adelaide, Australia; John E. Dick, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada; and Richard B. Lock, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cell Press. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Cell Press. "New Targeted Therapy Finds And Eliminates Deadly Leukemia Stem Cells." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 July 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090702132818.htm>.
Cell Press. (2009, July 3). New Targeted Therapy Finds And Eliminates Deadly Leukemia Stem Cells. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090702132818.htm
Cell Press. "New Targeted Therapy Finds And Eliminates Deadly Leukemia Stem Cells." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090702132818.htm (accessed October 26, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

AFP (Oct. 25, 2014) — An American nurse who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas has been declared free of the virus and will leave the hospital. Duration: 01:01 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Newsy (Oct. 25, 2014) — A Harvard University Research Team created genetically engineered stem cells that are able to kill cancer cells, while leaving other cells unharmed. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — IKEA is out with a new convertible desk that can convert from a sitting desk to a standing one with just the push of a button. Jen Markham explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins