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Promising Mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge Multijunction Solar Cell Unveiled

Date:
September 22, 2009
Source:
Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC)
Summary:
Researchers in Europe have presented a mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge multijunction solar cell. This is the first promising demonstrator of a novel technology to produce mechanically stacked, high-efficiency multijunction solar cells, aiming at efficiencies above 40%.

IMEC's mechanically stacked GaAs/Ge cell.
Credit: Image courtesy of Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC)

At the European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference (Hamburg, Germany), IMEC is presenting a mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge multijunction solar cell. This is the first promising demonstrator of IMEC’s novel technology to produce mechanically stacked, high-efficiency multijunction solar cells, aiming at efficiencies above 40%.

At the top of the stack is a one-side contacted GaAs top cell that is only 4m thick and that is transparent for infrared light. Its efficiency is 23.4%, which is close to the efficiency of standard GaAs cells. IMEC has succeeded in transferring this GaAs top cell onto a Ge bottom cell, creating a mechanical stack. In that stack, the Ge bottom cell is separately contacted. It has a potential efficiency of 3-3.5%, which is higher than Ge bottom cells in state-of-the-art monolithically stacked InGaP/(In)GaAs/Ge cells. Looking forward, Giovanni Flamand, team manager at IMEC, expects to show a first working triple-junction cell beginning of 2010.

This cell is a demonstrator of IMEC’s innovative technology to produce mechanically stacked, high-efficiency InGaP/GaAs/Ge triple-junction solar cells. This includes manufacturing world-class thin-film III-V cells and Ge bottom cells, and developing a technology to mechanically stack them. The expected conversion efficiencies are 1-2% higher than those obtained today with monolithic triple-junction solar cells (> 40% with concentrated illumination). In addition, the new cells show an enhanced spectral robustness. Stacked solar cells combine cells made from different materials to capture and converse a larger part of the light spectrum than is possible with a single material.

Dr. Jef Poortmans, IMEC’s Photovoltaics Program Director: “Mechanical stacks are more complex to handle and interconnect. But they definitely offer a way to increase the conversion efficiency and energy yield of high-efficiency solar cells. And they also enable an efficient way to try and use new combinations of materials. For this technology, we profit from IMEC’s expertise in 3D stacking, growing III-V layers, and solar cell processing.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC). "Promising Mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge Multijunction Solar Cell Unveiled." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 September 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090921092049.htm>.
Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC). (2009, September 22). Promising Mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge Multijunction Solar Cell Unveiled. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090921092049.htm
Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC). "Promising Mechanically-stacked GaAs/Ge Multijunction Solar Cell Unveiled." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090921092049.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

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