Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Clinical Guidelines For Exacerbations In Cystic Fibrosis

Date:
October 22, 2009
Source:
American Thoracic Society
Summary:
The American Thoracic Society has released new clinical guidelines for the treatment of exacerbations in cystic fibrosis based on a review of the literature on current clinical practices.

The American Thoracic Society has released new clinical guidelines for the treatment of exacerbations in cystic fibrosis based on a review of the literature on current clinical practices.

"This is the first such comprehensive and evidence-based systematic review of best practices for pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis," said Susanna McColley, M.D., head of the division of pulmonary medicine and director of the Cystic Fibrosis Center at Children's Memorial Hospital and associate professor at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine. "Until these, guidelines were arrived at by a less rigorous process based on the consensus of a committee of experts."

When cystic fibrosis patients suffer an acute exacerbation, they undergo an acute worsening of symptoms, which typically require medical intervention. While a prospective definition of an exacerbation has not yet been developed, clinical features are generally well-defined and represent a sharp deterioration in the general condition of the patient, often involving systemic symptoms such as weight loss and lack of appetite, as well as worsening of pulmonary symptoms such as cough, sputum production and shortness of breath. Exacerbations are the most common reason for hospitalization of cystic fibrosis patients.

The guidelines, which were presented at the North American Cystic Fibrosis Conference in October, highlighted a number of common practices in cystic fibrosis exacerbations.

The committee gave guidance on two areas of significant interest to clinicians: synergy testing and the dosing of aminoglycoside antibiotics. In the case of synergy testing -- a costly and time-consuming practice of determining what synergistic effects different antibiotics may have when used together against multi-drug resistant infections -- was found to have little benefit to the patient and the committee recommended against the routine use of it. In the case of aminoglycoside antibiotics, they found that three-times-daily dosing was no more effective than once-daily dosing and recommended once-daily dosing in most cases.

The committee also affirmatively recommended continuation of two current practices -- continuing chronic therapies during exacerbation treatment and airway clearance therapies -- both of which were found to have moderate benefits to the patient.

Perhaps most strikingly, the committee found that in six of ten investigated practices, there was simply not enough data to recommend for or against them. "This highlights that there are a lot of unanswered questions," said Dr. McColley, citing the need for research that would clarify whether there are different outcomes associated with the practices, which included inpatient versus outpatient care; simultaneous use of intravenous and inhaled antibiotics; number of antibiotics used to treat Pseudomonas aeruginosa; continuous infusion of betalactam antibiotics; and duration of antibiotic treatment.

"We have incomplete information, but the guidelines provide important guidance to physicians, patients, third party payers on the treatment of this serious and common complication of CF respiratory disease," she said. "By reducing variability in practice, implementation of these guidelines may help to improve outcomes of care."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Thoracic Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Thoracic Society. "New Clinical Guidelines For Exacerbations In Cystic Fibrosis." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 October 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091022153646.htm>.
American Thoracic Society. (2009, October 22). New Clinical Guidelines For Exacerbations In Cystic Fibrosis. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091022153646.htm
American Thoracic Society. "New Clinical Guidelines For Exacerbations In Cystic Fibrosis." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091022153646.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 30, 2014) Obamacare-related costs were said to be behind the profit plunge at Wellpoint and Humana, but Wellpoint sees the new exchanges boosting its earnings for the full year. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

AFP (July 30, 2014) Pan-African airline ASKY has suspended all flights to and from the capitals of Liberia and Sierra Leone amid the worsening Ebola health crisis, which has so far caused 672 deaths in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Duration: 00:43 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

AP (July 30, 2014) At least 20 New Jersey residents have tested positive for chikungunya, a mosquito-borne virus that has spread through the Caribbean. (July 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Newsy (July 30, 2014) The Center for Science in the Public Interest released its 2014 list of single meals with whopping calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile: iPhone Android Web
    Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins