Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

ADA Releases Updated Position Paper On Breastfeeding

Date:
November 3, 2009
Source:
American Dietetic Association
Summary:
The American Dietetic Association has released an updated position paper on breastfeeding that details health benefits for both infants and mothers, and encourages promotion of breastfeeding whenever possible.

The American Dietetic Association has released an updated position paper on breastfeeding that details health benefits for both infants and mothers and encourages promotion of breastfeeding whenever possible.

Related Articles


ADA's position paper, published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, represents the Association's official stance on breastfeeding:

It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months until at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants. Breastfeeding is an important public health strategy for improving infant and child morbidity and mortality and improving maternal morbidity and helping to control health care costs.

ADA's position and accompanying paper were written by registered dietitians Delores C. S. James, associate professor of health education and behavior at the University of Florida; and Rachelle Lessen, a clinical nutritionist and lactation consultant at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

The authors' evidence-based review of breastfeeding's history, practices and health benefits in the United States and other countries concludes:

  1. Exclusive breastfeeding with no foods or liquids other than breast milk provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first six months of life.
  2. Breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months to at least 12 months is the ideal feeding pattern for infants.
  3. Human milk offers optimal nutrient composition for infants and reduces the risk for a large number of acute and chronic illnesses.
  4. Breastfeeding improves maternal health and well-being and saves families time and money.
  5. Support for breastfeeding mothers from families, friends, health-care professionals, hospitals and employers is an important public health strategy for increasing rates of breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity.

According to ADA's position paper, health benefits of breastfeeding for infants include:

  • Enhanced immune system
  • Reduced risk for nonspecific gastroenteritis, severe lower respiratory tract infections and asthma
  • Protection against allergies and intolerances
  • Promotion of correct development of jaw and teeth
  • Association with higher intelligence quotient and school performance through adolescence
  • Reduced risk for chronic disease such as obesity, type 1 and 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and childhood leukemia
  • Reduced risk for sudden infant death syndrome.

Benefits for the mother include:

  • Strong bonding with infant
  • Increased calorie expenditure, which may lead to faster return to pre-pregnancy weight
  • Faster shrinking of the uterus
  • Reduced postpartum bleeding and delays in the menstrual cycle
  • Decreased risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and ovarian cancer
  • Improved bone density and decreased risk for hip fracture
  • Decreased risk for postpartum depression
  • Enhanced self-esteem in the maternal role
  • Time saved from preparing and mixing formula
  • Money saved from not buying formula and increased medical expenses associated with formula feeding.

"ADA recognizes the various factors that influence women and their families to choose a particular infant feeding method," the authors write, "but ADA supports and advocates the position that breastfeeding is the optimal feeding method for the infant. (Registered dietitians and dietetic technicians, registered) have an important role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding for its short- and long-term health benefits for both mother and infants. RDs and DTRs also have an important role in conducting empirical research on breastfeeding-related topics. Research is especially needed on the effectiveness of breastfeeding promotion campaigns."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Dietetic Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Dietetic Association. "ADA Releases Updated Position Paper On Breastfeeding." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 November 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091103145559.htm>.
American Dietetic Association. (2009, November 3). ADA Releases Updated Position Paper On Breastfeeding. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091103145559.htm
American Dietetic Association. "ADA Releases Updated Position Paper On Breastfeeding." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091103145559.htm (accessed November 28, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, November 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — One man hopes his invention -– a machine that produces cheap sanitary pads –- will help empower Indian women. Duration: 01:51 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — In Africa's only biosafety level 4 laboratory, scientists have been carrying out experiments on bats to understand how virus like Ebola are being transmitted, and how some of them resist to it. Duration: 01:18 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

Newsy (Nov. 28, 2014) — WHO cites four studies that say Ebola can still be detected in semen up to 82 days after the onset of symptoms. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

AFP (Nov. 27, 2014) — The Ebola epidemic sweeping Sierra Leone is having a profound effect on the country's children, many of whom have been left without any family members to support them. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins