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Insulin research points way to better diabetes treatments

Date:
January 31, 2010
Source:
University of York
Summary:
New research significantly improves our understanding of how insulin interacts with cells in the human body with implications for the treatments of diabetes.

New research that significantly improves our understanding of how insulin interacts with cells in the human body is being published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The study could have major implications for the development of treatments for Type I diabetes.

By developing and analysing a range of super active insulins, scientists from the York Structural Biology Laboratory at the University of York have been able to identify common features that point to the likely molecular structure of human insulin when it is active in the body.

The research also offers new insight into how insulin binds to insulin receptors on cells.

The research was conducted with colleagues at the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

Dr Marek Brzozowski, from the York Structural Biology Laboratory, said: "The structures of inactive forms of insulin and the insulin receptor are reasonably well known, but documenting how they interact has proven to be a considerable scientific challenge.

"Improving our understanding of this interaction holds the key to developing far more sophisticated treatments for Type I diabetes and this research represents an important step forward."

The research could help the development of insulin treatments that can be more carefully controlled or that could be delivered without the need for injections.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of York. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Implications for the active form of human insulin based on the structural convergence of highly active hormone analogues. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010 (in press)

Cite This Page:

University of York. "Insulin research points way to better diabetes treatments." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 January 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100125173246.htm>.
University of York. (2010, January 31). Insulin research points way to better diabetes treatments. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100125173246.htm
University of York. "Insulin research points way to better diabetes treatments." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100125173246.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

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