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Nuclear matrix proteins contribute to differentiation of gastric cancer cells

Date:
May 7, 2010
Source:
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Summary:
A research team from China identified specific nuclear matrix proteins related to gastric cancer cells and provided further scientific evidences for the mechanism of gastric cancer cell proliferation and differentiation. The aberrant expressions and intracellular redistributions of nuclear matrix proteins before and after hexamethylene bisacetamide treatment indicated that nuclear matrix proteins play a key role in the differentiation of gastric cancer cells.

Gastric cancer is the most common malignant gastrointestinal cancer and accounts for 25% of cancer deaths. Nuclear matrix, a filamentous protein framework for eukaryotic cellular chromatin, closely relates to DNA duplication and transcription. Research on nuclear matrix proteins will provide insight into how tumors developed.

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A research article to be published on May 7, 2010 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addresses this question. The research team from Xiamen University, China, investigated the aberrant expression of nuclear matrix proteins in human gastric cancer cells before and after hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) treatment.

In the proteomics analysis, 43 protein spots were significantly changed due to HMBA treatment. Fifteen proteins were identified in the HMBA-induced differentiation of gastric tumor cells. Eight proteins spots were down-regulated while seven were up-regulated. Among these proteins, prohibitin, nucleophosmin and hnRNP A2/B1 were significantly decreased in HMBA-treated human gastric cancer cells, and their locations in nuclear matrix were altered by HMBA. The results proved the alteration of specific nuclear matrix proteins during the differentiation of human gastric cancer cells. And the aberrant expressions of nuclear matrix proteins were of significance in revealing the regulatory mechanism of tumor cell proliferation and differentiation.

The differentially expressed nuclear matrix proteins might be intracellular target proteins of HMBA and the tumor markers for gastric cancer. Continued investigation on specific nuclear matrix proteins will contribute to better understanding the regulatory mechanisms of nuclear matrix proteins in gastric carcinogenesis and reversal.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by World Journal of Gastroenterology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jing GJ, Xu DH, Shi SL, Li QF, Wang SY, Wu FY, Kong HY. Aberrant expression of nuclear matrix proteins during HMBA-induced differentiation of gastric cancer cells. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2010; 16 (17): 2176 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i17.2176

Cite This Page:

World Journal of Gastroenterology. "Nuclear matrix proteins contribute to differentiation of gastric cancer cells." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 May 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100507092501.htm>.
World Journal of Gastroenterology. (2010, May 7). Nuclear matrix proteins contribute to differentiation of gastric cancer cells. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100507092501.htm
World Journal of Gastroenterology. "Nuclear matrix proteins contribute to differentiation of gastric cancer cells." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100507092501.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

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