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Novel RNA interference screening technique identifies possible path for malignant glioma treatment

Date:
May 26, 2010
Source:
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Summary:
Researchers report on a cellular pathway in the deadly brain cancer malignant glioma, a pathway essential to the cancer's ability to grow -- and a potential target for therapy that would stop the cancer's ability to thrive.
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Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School report in the journal Nature Medicine on a cellular pathway in the deadly brain cancer malignant glioma, a pathway essential to the cancer's ability to grow -- and a potential target for therapy that would stop the cancer's ability to thrive.

In the new article UMass Medical School Professor Michael R. Green, MD, PhD, and colleagues use a genome-wide RNAi screening tool to identify a dozen genes that affect the function of a crucial protein necessary for glioma cells to grow; further research found a key pathway that appears in laboratory cultures and mouse models to be susceptible to two cancer drugs already in use for other types of cancer.

A hallmark of cancer is uncontrolled cell growth, often caused by overexpression of genes that help cells survive, or underexpression of those genes that induce normal cell death. Genes that are expressed highly in cancer cells and are essential for their survival are appealing targets for drug therapy.

Green's lab has in recent years developed a clever way of scanning the genome to identify genes that appear to promote the natural process of programmed cell death called "apoptosis," or that inhibit the growth of cells; Green and colleagues used a technique called genome-wide RNA interference screening -- to identify novel genes that regulate the expression of a transcription factor called ATF5 in malignant glioma cells. The discovery of at least one previously unknown genetic pathway that appears to regulate this key transcription factor, and the subsequent determination that the cancer drugs sorafenib and temozolomide inhibit glioma growth point to dramatic new possibilities for potential therapeutics and are exciting advances at the frontier of cancer biology and genetic expression.

ATF5 was first identified as an important pro-survival factor by Dr. Green in 2002.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University of Massachusetts Medical School. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Zhi Sheng, Li Li, Lihua J Zhu, Thomas W Smith, Andrea Demers, Alonzo H Ross, Richard P Moser, Michael R Green. A genome-wide RNA interference screen reveals an essential CREB3L2-ATF5-MCL1 survival pathway in malignant glioma with therapeutic implications. Nature Medicine, 2010; DOI: 10.1038/nm.2158

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University of Massachusetts Medical School. "Novel RNA interference screening technique identifies possible path for malignant glioma treatment." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 May 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100525154006.htm>.
University of Massachusetts Medical School. (2010, May 26). Novel RNA interference screening technique identifies possible path for malignant glioma treatment. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 1, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100525154006.htm
University of Massachusetts Medical School. "Novel RNA interference screening technique identifies possible path for malignant glioma treatment." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100525154006.htm (accessed July 1, 2015).

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