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Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth

Date:
July 15, 2010
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Speakers made from carbon nanotube sheets that are a fraction of the width of a human hair can both generate sound and cancel out noise -- properties ideal for submarine sonar to probe the ocean depths and make subs invisible to enemies. That's the topic of a report on these "nanotube speakers."

'Nanotube speakers' could benefit submarine sonar.
Credit: iStockphoto/Sergey Ivanov

Speakers made from carbon nanotube sheets that are a fraction of the width of a human hair can both generate sound and cancel out noise -- properties ideal for submarine sonar to probe the ocean depths and make subs invisible to enemies. That's the topic of a report on these "nanotube speakers," which appears in the American Chemical Society's Nano Letters, a monthly journal.

Ali Aliev and colleagues explain that thin films of nanotubes can generate sound waves via a thermoacoustic effect. Every time that an electrical pulse passes through the microscopic layer of carbon tubes, the air around them heats up and creates a sound wave. Chinese scientists first discovered that effect in 2008, and applied it in building flexible speakers.

In a remarkable demonstration, which made its way onto YouTube, the Chinese nanoscientists stuck a sheet of nanotubes onto the side of a flag, and attached it to an mp3 player. They used the nanotube-coated flag to play a song while it flapped in the breeze. But they did not test its ability to operate under water.

Aliev's group took that step, showing that nanotube sheets produce the kind of low-frequency sound waves that enable sonar to determine the location, depth, and speed of underwater objects. They also verified that the speakers can be tuned to specific frequencies to cancel out noise, such as the sound of a submarine moving through the depths.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ali E. Aliev, Marcio D. Lima, Shaoli Fang, Ray H. Baughman. Underwater Sound Generation Using Carbon Nanotube Projectors. Nano Letters, 2010; 100527140356003 DOI: 10.1021/nl100235n

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 July 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100714121743.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2010, July 15). Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100714121743.htm
American Chemical Society. "Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100714121743.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

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