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Antibacterial peptide could aid in treating soldiers' burn wound infections

Date:
September 2, 2010
Source:
Temple University
Summary:
An antibacterial peptide looks to be a highly effective therapy against infections in burn or blast wounds suffered by soldiers.

An antibacterial peptide developed by Laszlo Otvos, a research professor of biology in Temple's College of Science and Technology, looks to be a highly-effective therapy against infections in burn or blast wounds suffered by soldiers.

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Otvos and his collaborators found that when given intramuscularly the peptide A3-APO was more effective than current antimicrobial chemotherapy measures in treating multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, the most common systemic infection found in soldiers who suffer burn or blast wounds. The peptide is also highly efficacious in models of multi-drug resistant systemic Escherichia coli infections.

Their findings are being published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.

Otvos said that 40 percent of gowns and gloves in military hospitals are infected with Acinetobacter baumannii, and half of the soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with burn wounds will become infected.

Currently, these infections are treated with an antibiotic, either imipenem or colistin. However, both of these rapidly lose efficacy due to high rates of antimicrobial resistance. In addition, colistin is a strongly toxic drug and worldwide research is focusing on its replacement options.

For their study, the researchers used a strain of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from an injured Canadian soldier returning from Afghanistan for testing in the lab. They found that A3-APO, when given intramuscularly, was less toxic and more effective in reducing bacterial counts in the blood and the injury site than imipenem or colistin. The peptide also protected open wounds from environmental bacterial infection.

"This is the first peptide ever that is more efficacious in an animal model than anything else that is available," said Otvos, who hopes the peptide can be tested in clinical trials in the near future.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Temple University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Eszter Ostorhazi, Ferenc Rozgonyi, Andras Sztodola, Ferenc Harmos, Ilona Kovalszky, Dora Szabo, Daniel Knappe, Ralf Hoffmann, Marco Cassone, John D. Wade, Robert A. Bonomo, and Laszlo Otvos Jr. Preclinical advantages of intramuscularly administered peptide A3-APO over existing therapies in Acinetobacter baumannii wound infections. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2010; DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkq337

Cite This Page:

Temple University. "Antibacterial peptide could aid in treating soldiers' burn wound infections." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 September 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100901072904.htm>.
Temple University. (2010, September 2). Antibacterial peptide could aid in treating soldiers' burn wound infections. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100901072904.htm
Temple University. "Antibacterial peptide could aid in treating soldiers' burn wound infections." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100901072904.htm (accessed December 22, 2014).

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