Microbiology News
August 5, 2015

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More Microbiology News
August 5, 2015

Effect of Environmental Epigenetics on Disease, Evolution

Aug. 3, 2015 — Environmental factors are having an underappreciated effect on the course of disease and evolution by prompting genetic mutations through epigenetics, a process by which genes are turned on and off ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

How a Single Molecule Turns One Immune Cell Into Another

July 30, 2015 — All it takes is one molecule to reprogram an antibody-producing B cell into a scavenging macrophage. This transformation is possible, new evidence shows, because the molecule (C/EBPa, a transcription ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Health experts have warned for years that the overuse of antibiotics is creating 'superbugs' able to resist drugs treating infection. Now scientists have found evidence that an invisible ... read more

July 30, 2015 — No matter if you are a specialist or not, there is one vital rule in illustrating descriptions of new plant or animal species: you have to do it! A paper published in the open-access journal ZooKeys ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Scientists have solved the structure of the MCM2-7 Complex, which plays a key role in destabilizing and unwinding duplex DNA during DNA replication. More than 60 years ago, when Francis Crick and ... read more

Too Much Love: Male Animals More Sickly Than Females

July 29, 2015 — Male animals are the sickliest gender. According to a study, males use their energy in the competition to reproduce, so their immune system weakens allowing infectious diseases and their early ... read more

Atomic View of Bacterial Enzymes That Help Human Digestion

July 29, 2015 — A group of researchers has reached deep into the human gut, plucked out a couple enzymes produced by bacteria residing there and determined their biological activities and molecular structures -- ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers tested for resistance to 10 antibiotics among cattle and 18 wildlife species to explore key attributes and behaviors that may increase exposure and allow resistance to move among humans, ... read more

July 28, 2015 — A study examining sea stars dying along the West Coast provides new clues about the starfish's immune response and its ability to protect a diverse coastal ecosystem. The team found that the sea ... read more

Cystic Fibrosis Microorganisms Survive on Little to No Oxygen

July 28, 2015 — Microbes contributing to cystic fibrosis are able to survive in saliva and mucus that is chemically heterogeneous, including significant portions that are largely devoid of oxygen, according to a ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The growing organic produce industry may soon have a new way to ensure the safety of fresh fruits. Scientists have shown that ultraviolet C light is effective against foodborne pathogens on the ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The light-sensing molecules that tell plants whether to germinate, when to flower and which direction to grow to seek more sunlight were inherited millions of years ago from ancient algae, finds a ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Scientific experiments with the herpesvirus such as the one that causes Marek's disease in poultry have confirmed, for the first time, the highly controversial theory that some vaccines could ... read more

July 27, 2015 — If you haven't heard of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, thank geography, NGOs, and government agencies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization ... read more

Rapid Ebola Test Could Play Key Role in Efforts to End Lingering Outbreak

July 27, 2015 — New research has expanded on the studies that led to a fingerprick Ebola test becoming the first and only rapid diagnostic for this disease to receive approval from the World Health Organization ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Biologists have discovered how the rice plant's immune system is triggered by disease, in a discovery that could boost crop yields and lead to more disease-resistant types of ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a long-overlooked process important for converting a long, string-like DNA molecule into a chromosome. This finding gives us a better understanding of the mechanism of how ... read more

July 25, 2015 — The odds of being attacked and castrated by a variety of parasitic flatworms increases for marine horn snails the farther they are found from the tropics. A research team discovered this exception to ... read more

Unlocking the Rice Immune System

July 24, 2015 — Researchers have identified a bacterial signaling molecule that triggers an immunity response in rice plants, enabling the plants to resist a devastating blight ... read more

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