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Nanopore array allows simultaneous tests in search for new drugs

Date:
November 10, 2010
Source:
Goethe University Frankfurt
Summary:
A novel nanopore array structure can be used to monitor the transport kinetics of membrane proteins by fluorescence microscopy. Due to the parallel design of the nanopore chip, a large number of samples can be analyzed simultaneously.

Membrane-associated receptors, channels and transporters are among the most important drug targets for the pharmaceutical industry. The search for new drugs resembles looking for a needle in a haystack. Therefore new analytical techniques are required which facilitate the simultaneous screening of a large library of compounds across a variety of membrane proteins.

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However, this class of methods is still at the early stages of development. The group of Prof. Dr. Robert Tamp, in collaboration with the Walter Schottky Institute at Technical University Munich, has now presented a novel, automatable lab-on-chip device for high-throughput screening of sensitive membrane proteins.

The work is detailed in the journal Nano Letters, where the scientists describe the analysis of membrane proteins on a nano-fabricated chip surface that contains almost 50,000 nanopores. These pores are covered by a freely suspended lipid membrane that incorporates the proteins to be analyzed. Because the lipid membrane is free of organic solvents and the proteins do not touch the solid support, the fragile structure (and therefore function) of the proteins is preserved.

The system can be used to monitor the transport kinetics of membrane proteins by fluorescence microscopy. Due to the parallel design of the nanopore chip, a large number of samples can be analyzed simultaneously.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Goethe University Frankfurt. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Alexander Kleefen, Daniel Pedone, Christian Grunwald, Ruoshan Wei, Matthias Firnkes, Gerhard Abstreiter, Ulrich Rant, Robert Tampé. Multiplexed Parallel Single Transport Recordings on Nanopore Arrays. Nano Letters, 2010; 101027134315070 DOI: 10.1021/nl1033528

Cite This Page:

Goethe University Frankfurt. "Nanopore array allows simultaneous tests in search for new drugs." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 November 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109095326.htm>.
Goethe University Frankfurt. (2010, November 10). Nanopore array allows simultaneous tests in search for new drugs. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109095326.htm
Goethe University Frankfurt. "Nanopore array allows simultaneous tests in search for new drugs." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109095326.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

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