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New melt record for Greenland ice sheet: 'Exceptional' season stretched up to 50 days longer than average

Date:
January 21, 2011
Source:
City College of New York
Summary:
New research shows that 2010 set new records for the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet, expected to be a major contributor to projected sea level rises in coming decades.

The figure above shows the standardized melting index anomaly for the period 1979 -- 2010. In simple words, each bar tells us by how many standard deviations melting in a particular year was above the average. For example, a value of ~ 2 for 2010 means that melting was above the average by two times the 'variability' of the melting signal along the period of observation.
Credit: M. Tedesco CCNY/CUNY

New research shows that 2010 set new records for the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet, expected to be a major contributor to projected sea level rises in coming decades.

"This past melt season was exceptional, with melting in some areas stretching up to 50 days longer than average," said Dr. Marco Tedesco, director of the Cryospheric Processes Laboratory at The City College of New York (CCNY -- CUNY), who is leading a project studying variables that affect ice sheet melting.

"Melting in 2010 started exceptionally early at the end of April and ended quite late in mid- September."

The study, with different aspects sponsored by World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the National Science Foundation and NASA, examined surface temperature anomalies over the Greenland ice sheet surface, as well as estimates of surface melting from satellite data, ground observations and models.

In an article published in Environmental Research Letters, Professor Tedesco and co-authors note that in 2010, summer temperatures up to 3C above the average were combined with reduced snowfall.

The capital of Greenland, Nuuk, had the warmest spring and summer since records began in 1873.

Bare ice was exposed earlier than the average and longer than previous years, contributing to the extreme record.

"Bare ice is much darker than snow and absorbs more solar radiation," said Professor Tedesco. "Other ice melting feedback loops that we are examining include the impact of lakes on the glacial surface, of dust and soot deposited over the ice sheet and how surface meltwater affects the flow of the ice toward the ocean."

WWF climate specialist Dr. Martin Sommerkorn said "Sea level rise is expected to top 1 metre by 2100, largely due to melting from ice sheets. And it will not stop there -- the longer we take to limit greenhouse gas production, the more melting and water level rise will continue."

Dr. Tedesco's continuing research on ice sheets can be followed on www.cryocity.org.

For more on Arctic climate change, visit www.panda.org/arctic.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by City College of New York. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. M. Tedesco, X. Fettweis, M. R. van den Broeke, R. S. W. van de Wal, C. J. P. P.Smeets, W. J. van de Berg, M.C. Serreze, J. E. Box. The role of albedo and accumulation in the 2010 melting record in Greenland. Environmental Research Letters, 2011; 6: 014005 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/1/014005

Cite This Page:

City College of New York. "New melt record for Greenland ice sheet: 'Exceptional' season stretched up to 50 days longer than average." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 January 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110121144011.htm>.
City College of New York. (2011, January 21). New melt record for Greenland ice sheet: 'Exceptional' season stretched up to 50 days longer than average. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110121144011.htm
City College of New York. "New melt record for Greenland ice sheet: 'Exceptional' season stretched up to 50 days longer than average." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110121144011.htm (accessed August 21, 2014).

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