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Fiber intake associated with reduced risk of death

Date:
March 23, 2011
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Dietary fiber may be associated with a reduced risk of death from cardiovascular, infectious and respiratory diseases, as well as a reduced risk of death from any cause over a nine-year period, according to a new article.

Dietary fiber may be associated with a reduced risk of death from cardiovascular, infectious and respiratory diseases, as well as a reduced risk of death from any cause over a nine-year period, according to a report posted online February 14 that will be published in the June 14 print issue of Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Fiber, the edible part of plants that resist digestion, has been hypothesized to lower risks of heart disease, some cancers, diabetes and obesity, according to background information in the article. It is known to assist with bowel movements, reduce blood cholesterol levels, improve blood glucose levels, lower blood pressure, promote weight loss and reduce inflammation and bind to potential cancer-causing agents to increase the likelihood they will be excreted by the body.

Yikyung Park, Sc.D., of the National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Md., and colleagues analyzed data from 219,123 men and 168,999 women in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study. Participants completed a food frequency questionnaire at the beginning of the study in 1995 and 1996. Causes of death were determined by linking study records to national registries.

Participants' fiber intake ranged from 13 to 29 grams per day in men and from 11 to 26 grams per day in women. Over an average of nine years of follow-up, 20,126 men and 11,330 women died. Fiber intake was associated with a significantly decreased risk of total death in both men and women -- the one-fifth of men and women consuming the most fiber (29.4 grams per day for men and 25.8 grams for women) were 22 percent less likely to die than those consuming the least (12.6 grams per day for men and 10.8 grams for women).

The risk of cardiovascular, infectious and respiratory diseases was reduced by 24 percent to 56 percent in men and 34 percent to 59 percent in women with high fiber intakes. Dietary fiber from grains, but not from other sources such as fruits, was associated with reduced risks of total, cardiovascular, cancer and respiratory disease deaths in men and women.

"The findings remained robust when we corrected for dietary intake measurement error using calibration study data; in fact, the association was even stronger with measurement error correction," the authors write.

"The current Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend choosing fiber-rich fruits, vegetables and whole grains frequently and consuming 14 grams per 1,000 calories of dietary fiber," the authors conclude. "A diet rich in dietary fiber from whole plant foods may provide significant health benefits."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yikyung Park, Amy F. Subar, Albert Hollenbeck, Arthur Schatzkin. Dietary Fiber Intake and Mortality in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Arch Intern Med, Feb 14, 2011 DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.18

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Fiber intake associated with reduced risk of death." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 March 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110214162928.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2011, March 23). Fiber intake associated with reduced risk of death. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110214162928.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Fiber intake associated with reduced risk of death." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110214162928.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

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