Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Being a smoker at time of prostate cancer diagnosis linked with increased risk of death

Date:
June 21, 2011
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer and who are also smokers have an associated increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and prostate cancer-specific death, according to a study in the June 22/29 issue of JAMA. These patients also had an increased likelihood of prostate cancer recurrence.

Men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer and who are also smokers have an associated increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and prostate cancer-specific death, according to a study in the June 22/29 issue of JAMA. These patients also had an increased likelihood of prostate cancer recurrence.

Accumulating evidence suggests that smoking may increase risk of aggressive prostate cancer and prostate cancer mortality. However, studies of smoking in relation to prostate cancer mortality or recurrence in prostate cancer patients are limited, with few prostate cancer-specific outcomes, according to background information in the article.

Stacey A. Kenfield, Sc.D., of the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues conducted a study to assess the relation of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation with overall, prostate cancer-specific, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and biochemical recurrence among men with prostate cancer. The study included 5,366 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1986 and 2006 in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study.

Among the men diagnosed with prostate cancer, there were 1,630 deaths, 524 (32 percent) due to prostate cancer and 416 (26 percent) to CVD, and 878 biochemical recurrences. Analysis indicated that compared with never smokers, current smokers had an increased risk of dying from prostate cancer, CVD, and all-cause mortality and an increased risk of biochemical recurrence. A greater number of pack-years was associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer mortality, CVD mortality, and total mortality but not biochemical recurrence. Compared with current smokers, men who had quit smoking for 10 or more years had prostate cancer mortality risks similar to those who had never smoked.

The authors write that a direct effect of smoking on prostate cancer progression is biologically plausible, including tumor promotion through carcinogens from tobacco smoke; increased plasma levels of total and free testosterone, an androgen involved in the development and progression of prostate cancer in some smokers, with some studies reporting a dose-dependent association; epigenetic effects, including aberrant methylation profiles among current smokers, which correlate with aggressive disease; and nicotine-induced angiogenesis [formation of new blood vessels], capillary growth, and tumor growth and proliferation.

"In summary, smoking at the time of diagnosis was associated with substantially increased overall mortality and prostate cancer mortality and recurrence. Ten-year quitters had risks similar to never smokers. These results provide further support that smoking may increase risk of death from prostate cancer," the authors conclude.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S. A. Kenfield, M. J. Stampfer, J. M. Chan, E. Giovannucci. Smoking and Prostate Cancer Survival and Recurrence. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2011; 305 (24): 2548 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.879

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Being a smoker at time of prostate cancer diagnosis linked with increased risk of death." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 June 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110621164712.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2011, June 21). Being a smoker at time of prostate cancer diagnosis linked with increased risk of death. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110621164712.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Being a smoker at time of prostate cancer diagnosis linked with increased risk of death." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110621164712.htm (accessed April 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Newsy (Apr. 19, 2014) Nine-month-old Wyatt Scott was born with a rare disorder called congenital trismus, which prevents him from opening his mouth. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins