Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New perspectives on sensory mechanisms

Date:
August 29, 2011
Source:
Rockefeller University Press
Summary:
A new series of articles examines the mechanisms of visual, aural, olfactory and tactile processes that inform us about the environment.

Cutaneous touch receptor: end-organs in hairy skin. The latest perspectives in general physiology series examines the mechanisms of visual, aural, olfactory, and tactile processes in mammals.
Credit: Bautista, D.M., and E.A. Lumpkin. 2011. J. Gen. Physiol. doi:10.1085/jgp.201110637

The latest Perspectives in General Physiology series examines the mechanisms of visual, aural, olfactory, and tactile processes that inform us about the environment. The series appears in the September 2011 issue of the Journal of General Physiology.

Related Articles


Everything that mammals perceive about the environment is based on the transmission to the brain of signals originating in sensory organs such as the eye, ear, nose, and skin. As described by USC researchers Robert Farley and Alapakkam Sampath in their introduction to the series, the encoding of sensory information is initiated by specialized peripheral sensory receptor cells and refined by local neural circuits, with both excitatory and inhibitory inputs ultimately analyzed and interpreted in the cerebral cortex.

The Perspectives series provides a comprehensive summary of what is currently understood about the mechanisms of information processing in multiple mammalian sensory systems. Such a comparative approach across systems provides insight into the common strategies that might be used by researchers to quantify and characterize that information.

In the Perspective series, Schwartz and Rieke discuss the visual system, where the physiological mechanisms of sensory encoding have been most investigated; Bautista and Lumpkin focus on the cells and molecules that mediate light touch in the periphery; Reisert and Zhao focus on how olfactory receptors cells encode the presence of odorants in the environment; and Zhang et al. emphasize the important and varied roles inhibitory mechanisms play in encoding auditory signals.

The purpose of the Perspectives in General Physiology series is to provide an ongoing forum where scientific questions or controversies can be discussed by experts in an open manner.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Rockefeller University Press. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. R. A. Farley, A. P. Sampath. Perspectives on: Information coding in mammalian sensory physiology. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 138 (3): 281 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110666
  2. G. Schwartz, F. Rieke. Perspectives on: Information and coding in mammalian sensory physiology: Nonlinear spatial encoding by retinal ganglion cells: when 1 1 != 2. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 138 (3): 283 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110629
  3. D. M. Bautista, E. A. Lumpkin. Perspectives on: Information and coding in mammalian sensory physiology: Probing mammalian touch transduction. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 138 (3): 291 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110637
  4. J. Reisert, H. Zhao. Perspectives on: Information and coding in mammalian sensory physiology: Response kinetics of olfactory receptor neurons and the implications in olfactory coding. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 138 (3): 303 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110645
  5. L. I. Zhang, Y. Zhou, H. W. Tao. Perspectives on: Information and coding in mammalian sensory physiology: Inhibitory synaptic mechanisms underlying functional diversity in auditory cortex. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 138 (3): 311 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110650

Cite This Page:

Rockefeller University Press. "New perspectives on sensory mechanisms." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 August 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110829131304.htm>.
Rockefeller University Press. (2011, August 29). New perspectives on sensory mechanisms. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 26, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110829131304.htm
Rockefeller University Press. "New perspectives on sensory mechanisms." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110829131304.htm (accessed January 26, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Mind & Brain News

Monday, January 26, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

Newsy (Jan. 25, 2015) — More schools are using online classes to keep from losing time to snow days, but it only works if students have Internet access at home. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

BuzzFeed (Jan. 24, 2015) — Did you back it up? Do you even know how to do that? Video provided by BuzzFeed
Powered by NewsLook.com
Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Jan. 23, 2015) — A Boston start-up is developing a wristband they say will help users break bad habits by jolting them with an electric shock. Ben Gruber reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

RightThisMinute (Jan. 23, 2015) — Not only is Kathy seeing her newborn son for the first time, but this is actually the first time she has ever seen a baby. Kathy and her sister, Yvonne, have been legally blind since childhood, but thanks to an amazing new technology, eSight glasses, which gives those who are legally blind the ability to see, she got the chance to see the birth of her son. It&apos;s an incredible moment and an even better story. Video provided by RightThisMinute
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins