Molecular Biology News
February 9, 2016

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More Molecular Biology News
February 9, 2016

Expression of a 'Ouija Board' Protein That Can Summon 'Monster' Genes

Feb. 8, 2016 — Biologists have studied Drosophila melanogaster flies to discover a new protein dubbed “Ouija Board,” which plays an important role in the biosynthesis of the steroid hormones necessary for ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — The ability to see the direction in which something is moving is vital for survival. Only in this way is it possible to avoid predators, capture prey or, as humans in a modern world, cross a road ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Cells are not uniform spheres; they generally come in a variety of disparate shapes. In the broadest sense, this variation in shapes is known as cell polarity, and it is an essential property for a ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — IBS researchers create multiplex Digenome-seq to find errors in CRISPR-Cas9 ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — Using a special profiling technique, researchers have determined the mechanism of action of a potent antibiotic, known as tropodithietic acid, leading them to uncover its hidden ability as a ... read more

Hair Thinning by Stem Cell Loss

Feb. 4, 2016 — Why people lose their locks in old age may be related to the aging of hair follicle stem cells, two new studies suggest. Though it is known that mammals that live for longer lifespans lose their ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — A process has been uncovered by researchers that uses pressure to deliver chemical probes in a fine-tuned manner into living ... read more

How Roots Grow

Feb. 4, 2016 — In contrast to animals, plants form new organs throughout their entire life, such as roots, branches, flowers and fruits. Researchers wanted to know to what extent plants follow a pre-determined plan ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — A new study helps explain how fruit flies get their keen sense of smell. Researchers have identified a set of genetic control switches that interact early in a fly's development to generate ... read more

Biomolecule's Behavior Under Artificial Conditions More Natural Than Expected

Feb. 2, 2016 — Researchers often analyze isolated biomolecules in test tubes, and it is doubtful if the results can be applied to densely-packed cells. A team of researchers monitored the folding of an RNA ... read more

Piecing Together the Cells Elevator-Like Mechanism for Sodium

Feb. 1, 2016 — Researchers have pieced together how sodium is transported into and out of our cells. This could be a potential benefit for the development of novel treatments against some forms of cancer and ... read more

Feb. 1, 2016 — Damaged cells can commit suicide by a process of apoptosis, or programmed cell death. If this mechanism fails to work properly, the cell can become cancerous. Scientists are helping to explain ... read more

The Harbingers of Aging

Jan. 29, 2016 — Researchers have detected age-dependent alterations in metabolism and gene regulation in middle-aged fruitflies, and show that these effects are linked to a reduction in lifespan, suggests a new ... read more

Jan. 29, 2016 — Stem cells have been put into plasters and bandages to help heal wounds for the first time, thanks to a newly developed technique. The method of encasing stem cells in an alginate gel made from ... read more

Jan. 28, 2016 — An estimated 15 million Americans suffer from food allergies, many of them children. These are non-trivial concerns, as food allergy or intolerance can cause symptoms ranging from a harmless skin ... read more

Jan. 28, 2016 — One of the big questions for which there is still no clear answer in biology is how, based on the four universal letters that make up DNA, it is possible to generate such different organisms as a fly ... read more

Jan. 28, 2016 — The bacteria living in our bodies are important for our health. The makeup of each person's microbiome plays a role in both the tendency to become obese and in each individual's reaction to ... read more

Insect Growth Regulator Wears a Second Hat: Infection Fighter

Jan. 28, 2016 — During an animal's embryonic development, a chemical chain reaction known as Hippo directs organs to grow to just the right size and no larger. Now researchers working with laboratory flies ... read more

Mysterious 'Relief Valve' That Protects Cells from Swelling Better Understood Thanks to Research

Jan. 28, 2016 — Solving a long-standing mystery in cell biology, a team has shown how a key 'relief-valve' in cells keeps cells from taking in too much water and swelling excessively. The mechanism has ... read more

Epigenetics: The Importance of Mixed Motifs

Jan. 28, 2016 — Local modifications in histone proteins alter DNA packing density in the cell nucleus to regulate gene activity. They also form the basis of a code in which the significance of a given pattern or ... read more

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