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Longer sleep times may counteract genetic factors related to weight gain

Date:
May 1, 2012
Source:
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Summary:
Toss out another old wives' tale: Sleeping too much does not make you fat. Sleeping more than nine hours a night may actually suppress genetic influences on body weight, says a new study examining sleep and body mass index (BMI) in 1,088 pairs of twins.

Toss out another old wives' tale: Sleeping too much does not make you fat. Quite the opposite, according to a new study examining sleep and body mass index (BMI) in twins, which found that sleeping more than nine hours a night may actually suppress genetic influences on body weight.

The study looked at 1,088 pairs of twins and found that sleeping less than seven hours a night was associated with both increased BMI and greater genetic influences on BMI. Previous research has shown that genetic influences include things like glucose metabolism, energy use, fatty acid storage and satiety. In this study, the heritability of BMI was twice as high for the short sleepers than for twins who slept longer than nine hours a night.

"The results suggest that shorter sleep provides a more permissive environment for the expression of obesity related genes," said principal investigator Nathaniel Watson, MD, MSc, of the University of Washington. "Or it may be that extended sleep is protective by suppressing expression of obesity genes."

Watson and colleagues determined that for twins sleeping less than seven hours, genetic influences accounted for 70 percent of the differences in BMI, with common environment accounting for just 4 percent and unique environment 26 percent. For twins averaging more than nine hours of sleep, genetic factors were attributed to 32 percent of weight variations, with common environment accounting for 51 percent and unique environment 17 percent.

More research is needed, Watson said, but these preliminary results may suggest that behavioral weight loss measures would be most effective when genetic drivers of body weight are mitigated through sleep extension.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Nathaniel F. Watson, Kathryn Paige Harden, Dedra Buchwald, Michael V. Vitiello, Allan I. Pack, David S. Weigle, Jack Goldberg. Sleep Duration and Body Mass Index in Twins: A Gene-Environment Interaction. Sleep, 2012; DOI: 10.5665/sleep.1810

Cite This Page:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Longer sleep times may counteract genetic factors related to weight gain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 May 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120501085702.htm>.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2012, May 1). Longer sleep times may counteract genetic factors related to weight gain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120501085702.htm
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Longer sleep times may counteract genetic factors related to weight gain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120501085702.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

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