Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Parkinson's: Newly discovered antibody could facilitate early diagnosis

Date:
July 20, 2012
Source:
Medical University of Vienna
Summary:
Conditions such as Parkinson’s disease are a result of pathogenic changes to proteins. In the neurodegenerative condition of Parkinson’s disease, which is currently incurable, the alpha-synuclein protein changes and becomes pathological. Until now, there have not been any antibodies that could help to demonstrate the change in alpha-synuclein associated with the disease. Medical researchers have now discovered a new antibody that actually possesses this ability.

Conditions such as Parkinson's disease are a result of pathogenic changes to proteins. In the neurodegenerative condition of Parkinson's disease, which is currently incurable, the alpha-synuclein protein changes and becomes pathological. Until now, there have not been any antibodies that could help to demonstrate the change in alpha-synuclein associated with the disease. An international team of experts led by Gabor G. Kovacs from the Clinical Institute of Neurology at the MedUni Vienna has now discovered a new antibody that actually possesses this ability.

Related Articles


"It opens up new possibilities for the development of a diagnostic test for Parkinsonism," says Kovacs, highlighting the importance of this discovery. "This new antibody will enable us to find the pathological conformation in bodily fluids such as blood or CSF." A clinical study involving around 200 patients is already underway, and the first definitive results are expected at the end of 2012. The tests being carried out in collaboration with the University Department of Neurology, led by Walter Pirker, are designed to determine the extent to which the new antibody can be used as an early diagnostic tool in order to understand the condition better and be able to treat it more effectively.

A step towards a blood test for Parkinson's With Parkinsonism, the diseased form of alpha-synuclein, which has the same primary structure as the healthy form, undergoes an "abnormal fold." Says Kovacs: "Until now, however, it was not possible to distinguish between the two." The previous immunodiagnostic techniques only allowed the general presence of alpha-synuclein to be confirmed. The new, monoclonal antibody, however, which the researchers at the MedUni Vienna have developed in collaboration with the German biotech firm Roboscreen, is now able to detect a strategic part of the protein responsible for the structural changes. The results of the study have now been published in the journal Acta Neuropathologica.

Says Kovacs: "It is still not possible to say whether or not we will be able to diagnose Parkinson's from a blood test, but this discovery certainly represents a major step in that direction." Theoretically, it should be possible to diagnose Parkinson's disease five to eight years before it develops.

In Austria, there are between 15,000 and 16,000 people living with Parkinson's syndrome. Its frequency increases with age. As society becomes older, Parkinson's disease, a degenerative condition of the brain, will become an increasingly widespread problem.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Medical University of Vienna. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Gabor G. Kovacs, Uta Wagner, Benoit Dumont, Maria Pikkarainen, Awad A. Osman, Nathalie Streichenberger, Irene Leisser, Jιrιmy Verchθre, Thierry Baron, Irina Alafuzoff, Herbert Budka, Armand Perret-Liaudet, Ingolf Lachmann. An antibody with high reactivity for disease-associated α-synuclein reveals extensive brain pathology. Acta Neuropathologica, 2012; 124 (1): 37 DOI: 10.1007/s00401-012-0964-x

Cite This Page:

Medical University of Vienna. "Parkinson's: Newly discovered antibody could facilitate early diagnosis." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 July 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120720083034.htm>.
Medical University of Vienna. (2012, July 20). Parkinson's: Newly discovered antibody could facilitate early diagnosis. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 4, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120720083034.htm
Medical University of Vienna. "Parkinson's: Newly discovered antibody could facilitate early diagnosis." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120720083034.htm (accessed March 4, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Mom Triumphs Over Tragedy, Helps Other Families

Mom Triumphs Over Tragedy, Helps Other Families

AP (Mar. 3, 2015) — After her son, Dax, died from a rare form of leukemia, Julie Locke decided to give back to the doctors at St. Jude Children&apos;s Research Hospital who tried to save his life. She raised $1.6M to help other patients and their families. (March 3) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Looted and Leaking, South Sudan's Oil Wells Pose Health Risk

Looted and Leaking, South Sudan's Oil Wells Pose Health Risk

AFP (Mar. 3, 2015) — Thick black puddles and a looted, leaking ruin are all that remain of the Thar Jath oil treatment facility, once a crucial part of South Sudan&apos;s mainstay industry. Duration: 01:13 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Woman Convicted of Poisoning Son

Woman Convicted of Poisoning Son

AP (Mar. 3, 2015) — A woman who blogged for years about her son&apos;s constant health woes was convicted Monday of poisoning him to death by force-feeding heavy concentrations of sodium through his stomach tube. (March 3) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Treadmill Test Can Predict Chance Of Death Within A Decade

Treadmill Test Can Predict Chance Of Death Within A Decade

Newsy (Mar. 2, 2015) — Johns Hopkins researchers analyzed 58,000 heart stress tests to come up with a formula that predicts a person&apos;s chances of dying in the next decade. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:  

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile iPhone Android Web
          Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins