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Sociable trash box: Proxemics in dynamic interactions

Date:
September 24, 2012
Source:
Toyohashi University of Technology
Summary:
Researchers in Japan are using "robotic social trash boxes" to investigate interactions between humans and robots for improving robot-to-human communications.

Interactive distances between children and STB.
Credit: Image courtesy of Toyohashi University of Technology

Toyohashi Tech researchers use 'robotic social trash boxes' to investigate interactions between humans and robots for improving robot-to-human communications.

This report is featured in the September issue of the Toyohashi Tech eNewsletter: http://www.tut.ac.jp/english/newsletter/

Humans regulate their interactions according to different contexts, the degree of the relationship, cultural factors, gender, age, and so on. These factors can be utilized as an interpersonal boundary-control mechanism which is totally dependent on encouraging or discouraging another person's interactions. Humans are expected to dynamically optimize the above mechanism according to the interpersonal distances and personal spaces (proxemics).

Michio Okada and colleagues at Toyohashi University of Technology were interested in determining what kind of distances (spheres), effective social cue, and behaviors that an sociable trash box (STB) requires with children in order to convey its intention to acquire child assistance in collecting trash from the environment as a child-dependent robot.

The experiments were carries out at the Developmental Center for Children at Toyohashi City, and evaluated the validity and effectiveness of the approach through different interactive scenarios. The experiments on naturally interacting with the STBs were conducted with the participation of 108 children aged 4 and 11 years old).

The results of the proxemics showed that when the STBs moved individually in the environment and moved in a swarm (three STBs), the children established different spaces (according to distance and interactive time) to interact with the STB.

These extracted spaces can be utilized in the STB decision process (moving with distances, staying time and so on) to convey its intention to collect trash with assistance from children. This will be the basis of our future plans to extend our study in order to develop a decision hierarchy inside of the STBs.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Toyohashi University of Technology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yuto Yamaji, Taisuke Miyake, Yuta Yoshiike, P. Ravindra S. Silva, Michio Okada. STB: Child-Dependent Sociable Trash Box. International Journal of Social Robotics, 2011; 3 (4): 359 DOI: 10.1007/s12369-011-0114-y

Cite This Page:

Toyohashi University of Technology. "Sociable trash box: Proxemics in dynamic interactions." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 September 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120924074946.htm>.
Toyohashi University of Technology. (2012, September 24). Sociable trash box: Proxemics in dynamic interactions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120924074946.htm
Toyohashi University of Technology. "Sociable trash box: Proxemics in dynamic interactions." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120924074946.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

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