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Long-term observations in the tropics linked to global climate change

Date:
October 16, 2012
Source:
Stony Brook University
Summary:
Reports of declining ice coverage and drowning polar bears in the Arctic illustrate dramatic ecosystem responses to global climate change in Earth's polar regions. But in a first-ever account of a long-term project in the southern Caribbean, researchers report that tropical ecosystems are also affected by global climatic trends -- and with accompanying economic impacts.
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Gordon Taylor, Professor of Oceanography, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at Stony Brook University.
Credit: Image courtesy of Stony Brook University

Reports of declining ice coverage and drowning polar bears in the Arctic illustrate dramatic ecosystem responses to global climate change in Earth's polar regions. But in this first-ever account of a long-term project in the southern Caribbean, a Stony Brook professor and his colleagues report in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that tropical ecosystems are also affected by global climatic trends -- and with accompanying economic impacts.

In an article entitled, "Ecosystem responses in the southern Caribbean Sea to global climate change," Dr. Gordon Taylor and colleagues from Stony Brook University's School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS), as well as the University of South Florida, University of South Carolina and two Venezuelan institutions (EDIMAR, Fundación de la Salle de Ciencias Naturales and Universidad de Oriente) provide an analysis of 14 years of continuous monthly oceanographic observations in the southern Caribbean off the coast of Venezuela. The research, known as the CARIACO Ocean Time-Series Program, has been continually funded by the National Science Foundation since 1995.

The researchers report how the complex food web overlying the Cariaco Basin has changed in this relatively short time frame. Microscopic plankton production has steadily declined and the species of plants supporting the food web have shifted. These ecosystem changes have affected the way this region exchanges carbon dioxide (CO2) with the atmosphere and, in part, caused local sardine fisheries to collapse and thus have a negative impact on Margarita Island economy.

The researchers link these ecosystem changes to declining upwelling of nutrient-rich waters caused by weakening Trade Winds in the region and an average sea surface warming of 1°C during their observations. According to the authors, all these changes trace back to the global heat budget, corresponding to climatic shifts in well-known indices of atmospheric circulation. This is the first report to link long-term, shipboard time-series oceanographic and local meteorological observations in the Tropics with global scale climatic changes.

The CARIACO Ocean Time-Series Program is currently funded by NSF to continue monthly sampling until the end of 2013 and has a five-year renewal proposal pending. "We will continue with the same measurements," said Dr. Taylor. "This also includes looking at ocean acidification, molecular characterization of microbial communities and cycling of major elements."


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Stony Brook University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. G. T. Taylor, F. E. Muller-Karger, R. C. Thunell, M. I. Scranton, Y. Astor, R. Varela, L. T. Ghinaglia, L. Lorenzoni, K. A. Fanning, S. Hameed, O. Doherty. Ecosystem responses in the southern Caribbean Sea to global climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2012; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1207514109

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Stony Brook University. "Long-term observations in the tropics linked to global climate change." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 October 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121016173035.htm>.
Stony Brook University. (2012, October 16). Long-term observations in the tropics linked to global climate change. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121016173035.htm
Stony Brook University. "Long-term observations in the tropics linked to global climate change." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121016173035.htm (accessed September 2, 2015).

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