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Damage to blood vessel lining may account for kidney failure patients' heart risks

Date:
October 18, 2012
Source:
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)
Summary:
Individuals with kidney failure often develop heart problems, but it's not clear why. A new study provides evidence that their kidneys' inability to excrete waste products in the urine, which leads to build-up of these products in the blood, may damage the sugary lining of blood vessels and lead to heart troubles.
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Individuals with kidney failure often develop heart problems, but it's not clear why. A study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN) provides evidence that their kidneys' inability to excrete waste products in the urine, which leads to build-up of these products in the blood, may damage the sugary lining of blood vessels and lead to heart troubles.

Carmen Vlahu (an MD/PhD student at the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, in the Netherlands) and her colleagues wondered whether the "glycocalyx," a sugar layer coating the insides of blood vessels, is damaged in patients with kidney failure and is responsible for their increased risks of heart problems. To investigate, they used a newly developed imaging method to look at 40 patients' and 21 healthy individuals' blood vessels. They also measured participants' blood levels of glycocalyx constituents.

Compared with healthy individuals, kidney failure patients had lost some of the glycocalyx coating the insides of their blood vessels, and they had high levels of glycocalyx constituents in their blood, consistent with increased shedding of glycocalyx from blood vessel walls.

"Impaired glycocalyx barrier properties, together with shedding of its constituents into the blood, probably contribute to the aggressive vascular pathology present in this group of patients," said Vlahu. "The state of endothelial glycocalyx and its circulating components could provide valuable tools to monitor vascular vulnerability, to detect early stages of disease, to evaluate risk, and to judge the response of patients with kidney disease to treatment," she added.

Study co-authors include Bregtje A. Lemkes, MD, PhD, Dirk G. Struijk, MD, PhD, Marion G. Koopman, MD, PhD, Raymond T. Krediet, MD, PhD, and Hans Vink, PhD.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Carmen A. Vlahu, Bregtje A. Lemkes, Dirk G. Struijk, Marion G. Koopman, Raymond T. Krediet, and Hans Vink. Damage of the Endothelial Glycocalyx in Dialysis Patients. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2012; DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2011121181

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American Society of Nephrology (ASN). "Damage to blood vessel lining may account for kidney failure patients' heart risks." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 October 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018184848.htm>.
American Society of Nephrology (ASN). (2012, October 18). Damage to blood vessel lining may account for kidney failure patients' heart risks. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 7, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018184848.htm
American Society of Nephrology (ASN). "Damage to blood vessel lining may account for kidney failure patients' heart risks." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018184848.htm (accessed July 7, 2015).

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