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A milestone for new carbon-dioxide capture/clean coal technology

Date:
March 20, 2013
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
An innovative new process that releases the energy in coal without burning -- while capturing carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas -- has passed a milestone on the route to possible commercial use, scientists are reporting. Their study describes results of a successful 200-hour test on a sub-pilot scale version of the technology using two inexpensive but highly polluting forms of coal.

Coal.
Credit: danimages / Fotolia

An innovative new process that releases the energy in coal without burning -- while capturing carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas -- has passed a milestone on the route to possible commercial use, scientists are reporting. Their study in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels describes results of a successful 200-hour test on a sub-pilot scale version of the technology using two inexpensive but highly polluting forms of coal.

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Liang-Shih Fan and colleagues explain that carbon capture and sequestration ranks high among the approaches for reducing coal-related emissions of the carbon dioxide linked to global warming. This approach involves separating and collecting carbon dioxide before it leaves smokestacks. Fan's team has been working for more than a decade on two versions of carbon capture termed Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) and Coal-Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL).

They involve oxidizing coal, syngas or natural gas in a sealed chamber in the absence of the atmospheric oxygen involved in conventional burning. Metal compounds containing oxygen are in the chamber. They provide the oxygen for oxidation, take up coal's energy, release it as heat in a second chamber and circulate back for another run in the first chamber.

Their report describes the longest continuous operation of the CDCL test system. It operated successfully for 200 hours without an involuntary shutdown. The system used sub-bituminous and lignite coals, which are the main source of carbon dioxide emissions at U.S. coal-fired power plants. Carbon dioxide captured during operation had a purity of 99.5 percent.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Samuel C. Bayham, Hyung R. Kim, Dawei Wang, Andrew Tong, Liang Zeng, Omar McGiveron, Mandar V. Kathe, Elena Chung, William Wang, Aining Wang, Ankita Majumder, Liang-Shih Fan. Iron-Based Coal Direct Chemical Looping Combustion Process: 200-h Continuous Operation of a 25-kWthSubpilot Unit. Energy & Fuels, 2013; 27 (3): 1347 DOI: 10.1021/ef400010s

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "A milestone for new carbon-dioxide capture/clean coal technology." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 March 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130320095421.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2013, March 20). A milestone for new carbon-dioxide capture/clean coal technology. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130320095421.htm
American Chemical Society. "A milestone for new carbon-dioxide capture/clean coal technology." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130320095421.htm (accessed November 23, 2014).

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