Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Reliable assessment of drugs only possible on basis of clinical study reports

Date:
October 9, 2013
Source:
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care
Summary:
Researchers reveal large gaps in publications of clinical trials and demand free access to full CSRs.

In 2012 researchers from the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) presented a study in the BMJ analysing information sources used in 16 health technology assessment (HTA) reports of drugs ("benefit assessments"). This study clearly demonstrated that publicly available sources, such as scientific journals and entries posted in trial registries ("registry reports"), contained far less information on methods and outcomes of clinical trials than non-public CSRs prepared by pharmaceutical companies.

Related Articles


In a second article published today in PLOS Medicine, the IQWiG researchers now show that if, instead of only assessing selected outcomes as in the first study, all patient-relevant outcomes of the clinical trials are assessed, the information deficit in the publicly available sources is even greater.

Data analysed for more than 1000 outcomes

All HTA reports of drugs completed by IQWiG between 2006 and 2011 also formed the basis for the new study. The authors included those trials from the HTA reports for which the pharmaceutical companies had provided complete CSRs to IQWiG. Publicly available information in scientific journals and trial registries was available for 86 out of 101 of these trials, so that the information provided in all 3 sources could be compared. The trials contained data on more than 1000 patient-relevant outcomes such as mortality or disease symptoms.

Huge difference in the information provided

IQWiG assessed whether the results on the patient-relevant outcomes in the trials were "completely" or "incompletely" reported. The difference in the information provided was immense: Whereas 86% of all outcomes were fully reported in unpublished CSRs, the corresponding number was only 39% for combined publicly available sources. Likewise, negative effects on patients ("harm outcomes") such as serious adverse events or treatment discontinuations were reported far less often in the publicly available sources (27 to 72% versus 84 to 92%, depending on the harm outcome investigated).

Make CSRs publicly accessible

Beate Wieseler, Head of the Drug Assessment Department, comments on this first comprehensive quantification of the information gain through full CSRs: "The publicly available journal articles and registry entries thus report less than half of outcomes of clinical trials comprehensively. At the same time, with CSRs documents are available that provide complete information on methods and outcomes. The consequence can only be: all CSRs must be made publicly accessible. One should note that IQWiG is already in a privileged position due to its legal remit to conduct benefit assessments. Other researchers and physicians wishing to be fully informed about the advantages and disadvantages of an intervention have even more difficulties in gaining access to data.

Although the proportion of clinical trials published as scientific articles or registry reports has increased in the past few years, this is unfortunately not accompanied by more complete reporting of patient-relevant outcomes. Large information gaps still remain and we cannot even guess how large these gaps are in other types of drug trials or in trials of non-drug interventions."

Need for legislation

Beate Wieseler further points out: "The plan by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to make all clinical trial data submitted for marketing authorization publicly available from January 2014 onwards can therefore only be a first step. A central repository is required, also including data from older trials, as such trials investigate drugs widely used in current medical practice. These data would probably shed a totally new light on several drugs and their position in their therapeutic area. However, a voluntary commitment by the pharmaceutical industry, which would like to decide on a case-by-case basis which data it discloses, is insufficient. We are hoping for legislation and continue to support the All Trials Campaign (see below) so that the problem stays on the agenda."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Beate Wieseler, Natalia Wolfram, Natalie McGauran, Michaela F. Kerekes, Volker Vervφlgyi, Petra Kohlepp, Marloes Kamphuis, Ulrich Grouven. Completeness of Reporting of Patient-Relevant Clinical Trial Outcomes: Comparison of Unpublished Clinical Study Reports with Publicly Available Data. PLoS Medicine, 2013; 10 (10): e1001526 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1%u200B001526

Cite This Page:

Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. "Reliable assessment of drugs only possible on basis of clinical study reports." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009100556.htm>.
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. (2013, October 9). Reliable assessment of drugs only possible on basis of clinical study reports. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009100556.htm
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. "Reliable assessment of drugs only possible on basis of clinical study reports." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009100556.htm (accessed October 30, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Restores Amputee Dexterity

Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Restores Amputee Dexterity

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 29, 2014) — A Swedish amputee who became the first person to ever receive a brain controlled prosthetic arm is able to manipulate and handle delicate objects with an unprecedented level of dexterity. The device is connected directly to his bone, nerves and muscles, giving him the ability to control it with his thoughts. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Google To Use Nanoparticles, Wearables To Detect Disease

Google To Use Nanoparticles, Wearables To Detect Disease

Newsy (Oct. 29, 2014) — Google X wants to improve modern medicine with nanoparticles and a wearable device. It's all an attempt to tackle disease detection and prevention. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can Drinking Milk Lead To Early Death?

Can Drinking Milk Lead To Early Death?

Newsy (Oct. 29, 2014) — Researchers in Sweden released a study showing heavy milk drinkers face an increased mortality risk from a variety of causes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: The US Will Not 'run and Hide' From Ebola

Obama: The US Will Not 'run and Hide' From Ebola

AP (Oct. 29, 2014) — Surrounded by health care workers in the White House East Room, President Barack Obama said the U.S. will likely see additional Ebola cases in the weeks ahead. But he said the nation can't seal itself off in the fight against the disease. (Oct. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins