Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Developmental approach to obesity in children, adolescents

Date:
October 22, 2013
Source:
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Summary:
New studies of factors affecting the risk of obesity in children and adolescents — as well as promising approaches to prevention and treatment - are summarized in new literature published.

New studies of factors affecting the risk of obesity in children and adolescents -- as well as promising approaches to prevention and treatment -- are assembled in the special October Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

The special issue emphasizes a developmental viewpoint on the crucial problem of childhood obesity, including studies with a cultural focus contributed by professionals across a wide range of disciplines. Highlighting the SDBP's mission and values, the papers present "a developmental framework for understanding pediatric obesity and informing interventions that work," according to Guest Editors Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, PhD, and Elissa Jelalian, PhD.

Interdisciplinary Studies of Childhood Obesity with a Developmental Focus The special issue includes ten new research papers addressing obesity in every period of development: from early and middle childhood, through adolescence and young adulthood. Pediatric obesity has become a major health problem, with about one-third of U.S. children and adolescents being overweight or obese. In addition to lifelong health consequences, obesity adversely affects children's quality of life, self-esteem, and peer relationships.

Several studies in the special issue highlight newly identified factors affecting the risk of obesity in children and teens, which may help to identify youth at risk and inform targeted interventions. Findings include:

• Obesity risk among low-income minority children whose parents were born outside the United States is sometimes lower compared to those with U.S.-born parents, but is affected by the environment of the home

• New insights into combinations of social and behavioral factors affecting obesity risk in preschoolers

• An increased risk of obesity among some boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

• A link between perceptions of family functioning and childhood obesity risk, including a potentially important role of fathers

• High rates of "emotional and external eating" among children who have difficulty regulating their emotions

• Exercise and sedentary behaviors relate to the amount of calories consumed by adolescents who are obese

Other papers evaluate emerging approaches to the prevention or treatment of obesity. Several studies focus on promising interventions for minority youth, who are at increased risk of obesity. Findings of the intervention studies include:

• Spending free time with peers may help to reduce obesity risk among African American middle school-aged children.

• Tailored "motivational interviewing" approaches may be effective when talking to African American teens about obesity and weight loss.

• An intervention to teach low-income teen mothers about nutrition and physical activity helps to promote healthy behaviors.

• High levels of psychosocial problems warrant special treatment approaches for children and teens who are obese.

The papers are contributed by an international group of professionals in pediatrics and psychology as well as other disciplines including public health, exercise and nutrition science, and social work. The guest editors conclude "Our hope is that the collection of research presented in this special issue of JDBP focused on pediatric obesity will play a role in sparking new ideas and ways of exploring research and clinical pathways, thus enabling children, adolescents, and their families to achieve healthier outcomes."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. Elizabeth M. Cespedes, Julia McDonald, Jess Haines, Clement J. Bottino, Marie Evans Schmidt, Elsie M. Taveras. Obesity-related Behaviors of US- and Non-US-born Parents and Children in Low-income Households. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2013; 34 (8): 541 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182a509fb
  2. Amanda W. Harrist, Laura Hubbs-Tait, Glade L. Topham, Lenka H. Shriver, Melanie C. Page. Emotion Regulation is Related to Childrenʼs Emotional and External Eating. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2013; 34 (8): 557 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182a5095f
  3. Ellen A. Fliers, Jan K. Buitelaar, Athanasios Maras, Kim Bul, Esther Hφhle, Stephen V. Faraone, Barbara Franke, Nanda N. J. Rommelse. ADHD Is a Risk Factor for Overweight and Obesity in Children. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2013; 34 (8): 566 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182a50a67
  4. Amy Bohnert, Kimberly Burdette, Lara Dugas, Lea Travers, Edin Randall, Maryse Richards, Amy Luke. Multimethod Analyses of Discretionary Time Use and Health Behaviors Among Urban Low-Income African-American Adolescents. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2013; 34 (8): 589 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182a5d297
  5. Claudia Mazzeschi, Chiara Pazzagli, Loredana Laghezza, Giovanni De Giorgi, Gianpaolo Reboldi, Pierpaolo De Feo. Parental Alliance and Family Functioning in Pediatric Obesity from Both Parentsʼ Perspectives. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 2013; 34 (8): 583 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182a50a89

Cite This Page:

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. "Developmental approach to obesity in children, adolescents." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131022113412.htm>.
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2013, October 22). Developmental approach to obesity in children, adolescents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131022113412.htm
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. "Developmental approach to obesity in children, adolescents." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131022113412.htm (accessed July 23, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

AP (July 22, 2014) — Two federal appeals courts issued conflicting rulings Tuesday on the legality of the federally-run healthcare exchange that operates in 36 states. (July 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — The new sci-fi thriller "Lucy" is making people question whether we really use all our brainpower. But, as scientists have insisted for years, we do. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — Boston scientists have discovered a new way to create fully functioning human platelets using a bioreactor and human stem cells. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) — New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins