Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Where water is limited, researchers determine how much water is enough

Date:
December 12, 2013
Source:
Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE)
Summary:
A new environmental research technique that could turn the age-old task of watering crops into an exact science.

Solar powered field station established in a vineyard in California to measure surface renewal.
Credit: JoVE

A collaboration of scientists from the US Department of Agriculture and the University of California Davis, among others, has introduced a precision instrument that can determine the water loss, or surface renewal, of agricultural systems that are threatened by water scarcity and climate change.

"These systems provide growers with real-time data needed to make irrigation decisions," said Dr. Andrew McElrone, a US Department of Agriculture and University of California Davis researcher involved in the project, ." ..[It] could lead to significant water savings by facilitating more efficient use of water."

According to McElrone, the data from this surface renewal measuring system allows researchers to determine how much water in soil is actually used by plants, versus how much is lost through processes like evaporation. Among the numerous variables involved in the calculation process, the system measures wind temperature and speed, soil temperature fluctuation, and a process called evapotranspiration, or, water evaporation through soil and the surfaces of plants.

Perhaps most importantly, McElrone and his colleagues' protocol simplifies this complex and typically expensive process -- specifically, the complicated process of pairing a surface renewal measuring system with a statistical analysis method called eddy covariance -- into a method that is better-prepared for implementation into the market. "Our recent work has eliminated the need for calibration of surface renewal against eddy covariance, and thus provides an economically viable solution for measuring actual crop water use," McElrone said.

These instruments have been already been deployed in field experiments by McElrone and his colleagues and at the California Department of Water Resources. Current crops involved include wine and raisin grape vineyards, rice, alfalfa, almond, walnut, peach, lemon, avocado, and corn farms.

JoVE has published the article, Renewal: An Advanced Micrometeorological Method for Measuring and Processing Field-Scale Energy Flux Density Data, in its signature video-demonstration format. McElrone said that he and his colleagues made the decision to film their experiment with JoVE in order to ensure their procedures' successful adoption into the agricultural research field.

"We dream that our recent advances enable the adoption of this technique across all agriculture in the western US and other similar dry land growing regions worldwide," said McElrone.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE). "Where water is limited, researchers determine how much water is enough." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 December 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131212094922.htm>.
Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE). (2013, December 12). Where water is limited, researchers determine how much water is enough. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131212094922.htm
Journal of Visualized Experiments (JOVE). "Where water is limited, researchers determine how much water is enough." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131212094922.htm (accessed August 30, 2014).

Share This




More Matter & Energy News

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Australian Airlines Relax Phone Ban Too

Australian Airlines Relax Phone Ban Too

Reuters - Business Video Online (Aug. 26, 2014) Qantas and Virgin say passengers can use their smartphones and tablets throughout flights after a regulator relaxed a ban on electronic devices during take-off and landing. As Hayley Platt reports the move comes as the two domestic rivals are expected to post annual net losses later this week. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Hurricane Marie Brings Big Waves to California Coast

Hurricane Marie Brings Big Waves to California Coast

Reuters - US Online Video (Aug. 26, 2014) Huge waves generated by Hurricane Marie hit the Southern California coast. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Chinese Researchers Might Be Creating Supersonic Submarine

Chinese Researchers Might Be Creating Supersonic Submarine

Newsy (Aug. 26, 2014) Chinese researchers have expanded on Cold War-era tech and are closer to building a submarine that could reach the speed of sound. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Breakingviews: India Coal Strained by Supreme Court Ruling

Breakingviews: India Coal Strained by Supreme Court Ruling

Reuters - Business Video Online (Aug. 26, 2014) An acute coal shortage is likely to be aggravated as India's supreme court declared government coal allocations illegal, says Breakingviews' Peter Thal Larsen. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins