Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Clever suppression in the brain: Neuron cells and their role in creating memories

Date:
June 13, 2014
Source:
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Summary:
The hippocampus is a small structure in the brains of mammals that plays a crucial role in processing input from our senses and allows perceptions to be stored as memories. Nerve cells that inhibit the activity of other cells have now been shown to play a much larger and more complex role in these processes than previously assumed.

The hippocampus is a small structure in the brains of mammals that plays a crucial role in processing input from our senses and allows perceptions to be stored as memories. Nerve cells that inhibit the activity of other cells have now been shown to play a much larger and more complex role in these processes than previously assumed. Teams led by Prof. Dr. Marlene Bartos from the Cluster of Excellence BrainLinks-BrainTools at the University of Freiburg and Prof. Dr. Imre Vida from the Cluster of Excellence NeuroCure at the hospital Charité in Berlin report these findings in the current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

In their study, the scientists investigated how special types of so-called interneurons build connections with each other within the hippocampus and how their function influences the network of nerve cells as a whole. Interneurons do not prompt other nerve cells to become active but, on the contrary, inhibit them. This kind of suppression plays an important role in brain activity in general. Information processing would not be possible otherwise, because a brain in which all nerve cells are active at the same time is effectively put out of order.

The hippocampus is home to a variety of different inhibitory cells, which were known so far to differ greatly in their form and function. But up to now it has been generally assumed that their actual influence on the activity of the brain structure they belong to is rather small. By combining several different experimental methods, Bartos, Vida, and their teams succeeded in showing that these cells are actually able to strongly interfere with the activity and the timing of activity patterns within the hippocampus. Moreover, the various possible combinations of connections between these different cell types show markedly different characteristics in their function. This makes the inhibition within the hippocampus much more flexible and versatile than previously assumed. The team of scientists suspects that this also makes the capability to process information within the hippocampus much bigger. The results published in this study are from experiments conducted in acute slice preparations of the hippocampus.

Up next for the researchers will be the task of verifying these results within the actual brain.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S. Savanthrapadian, T. Meyer, C. Elgueta, S. A. Booker, I. Vida, M. Bartos. Synaptic Properties of SOM- and CCK-Expressing Cells in Dentate Gyrus Interneuron Networks. Journal of Neuroscience, 2014; 34 (24): 8197 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5433-13.2014

Cite This Page:

Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. "Clever suppression in the brain: Neuron cells and their role in creating memories." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140613101610.htm>.
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. (2014, June 13). Clever suppression in the brain: Neuron cells and their role in creating memories. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140613101610.htm
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. "Clever suppression in the brain: Neuron cells and their role in creating memories." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140613101610.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Newsy (July 30, 2014) — Researchers say women who diet at a young age are at greater risk of developing harmful health habits, including eating disorders and alcohol abuse. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — If you've been looking for love online, there's a chance somebody has been looking at how you're looking. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

Newsy (July 29, 2014) — Researchers have found certain facial features can make us seem more attractive or trustworthy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) — A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:  

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile iPhone Android Web
    Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins